Results

Keep Exploring
Sending
Item # Topic/Issue Summary Nation(s) Year(s) Citation Institution(s)
1 Feminism

20% feminists, 82% equal rights believers

United States 2013 Omnibus Poll Huffington Post/YouGov details
2 Violence, Sexual

Both sexes are raped equally (1.27M vs. 1.267M)

United States 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010 Summary Report CDC details
3 Income

70%+ of wage gap is based on choice

United States 2010 Dynamics Of The Gender Gap For Young Professionals In The Financial And Corporate Sectors. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 2, 2(3), 228-255. doi:10.3386/w14681 University of Chicago, NBER, Harvard (respectively) details
4 Income

No wage gap when assessed by occupation

United States 2008 An analysis of the reasons for the disparity in wages between men and women: final report US Dept of Labor details
5 Income

only 7% unexplained wage gap

United States 2013 Graduating to a Pay Gap, p. 1 AAUW details
6 Income

only 6-7% unexplained wage gap

United States 2009 An analysis of the reasons for the disparity in wages between men and women: final report US Dept of Labor details
7 Income

only 7% unexplained wage gap

United States 2009 Testimony of Andrew Sherrill, p. 88 US Government Accountability Office details
8 Income

No wage gap when total compensation taken into account

United States 2009 An analysis of the reasons for the disparity in wages between men and women: final report US Dept of Labor details
9 Income

Men penalized more & longer for taking time off of work

United States 2009 An analysis of the reasons for the disparity in wages between men and women: final report US Dept of Labor details
10 Income

Women 20-29 who are unmarried and unchilded earn 5-20% more than their male counterparts (in large cities)

United States 2010 A Glimpse into the Postcrash Environment Reach Advisors details
11 Income

Women 22-30 who are unmarried and unchilded earn ~8% more than their male counterparts

United States 2000 The NLSY79 US Bureau of Labor Statistics details
12 Income

Women 22-30 who are unmarried and unchilded earn up to 40% more than their male counterparts (in large cities)

United States 2011 The End of Men Reach Advisors details
13 Rape Culture

0.61% of female, 0.14% of male college students raped in an academic year

United States 2014 Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, p. 1 US Dept of Justice details
14 Rape Culture

Only 28 years (1977) since rape not punishable by death

United States 1978 Coker v. Georgia: Disproportionate Punishment and the Death Penalty for Rape Columbia Law details
15 Rape Culture

10% of executions from 1930-1977 were for rape

United States 1998 The Death Penalty in America: Current Controversies, p. 6 unknown details
16 Rape Culture

Rape punishable by death

Ancient Egypt 1914 Sex Morals and the Law in Ancient Egypt and Babylon, p. 22 Northwestern Law details
17 Rape Culture

Rape punishable by death

Ancient Babylon 1914 Sex Morals and the Law in Ancient Egypt and Babylon, p. 22 Northwestern Law details
18 Rape Culture

Rape punishable by death

Ancient Rome 1991 Women in Roman Law and Society, p. 118 University of Reading details
19 Rape Culture

Rape victims legally blameless

Ancient Rome 1998 From Good Goddess to Vestal Virgins: Sex and Category in Roman Religion, p. 81. details
20 Violence, Sexual

Up until 2013, the FBI's definition of rape explicitly excluded perpetration against men

United States 2012 Frequently Asked Questions about the Change in the UCR Definition of Rape US Dept of Justice details
21 Rape Culture

3-5% women raped/attempted rape on campuses

United States 1982 Hidden Rape: Sexual Aggression and Victimization in a National Sample of Students in Higher Education Kent State University details
22 Rape Culture

2.5% college women sexually assaulted (including verbal threats and unwanted sexual grabbing/fondling)

United States 2003 Violent Victimization of College Students US Dept of Justice details
23 Violence, Sexual

80% of men raped had female rapists

United States 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010 Summary Report CDC details
24 Violence, Sexual

46% of men raped had female rapists

United States 2010 Male Sexual Victimization Examining Men's Experiences of Rape and Sexual Assault West Virginia University details
25 Violence, Sexual

95% of rapes in Juvenile Facilities perpetrated by women

United States 2010 Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth US Dept of Justice details
26 Violence, Sexual

More rape in prison than without (209,400 vs. 203,830)

United States 2008 Compare: Prison Rape Elimination Act Regulatory Impact Assessment, p. 2 to National Crime Victimization Survey, p. 1 US Dept of Justice details
27 Violence, Sexual

Lesbian relationships: 48% raped by partner at some point (i.e. - rape has little to do with masculinity)

United States 1992 Violent Betrayal: Partner Abuse in Lesbian Relationships University of Kentucky details
28 Rape Culture

0.03% of population reported incidents of rape/attempted rape (in the given year)

United States 2013 Crime in the United States, Table 4 US Dept of Justice details
29 Rape Culture

0.02% of population reported incidents of rape/attempted rape (370/180,000; in the given year)

United States 2013 National Crime Victimization Survey, 2013 (ICPSR 35164) US Dept of Justice details
30 Rape Culture

6.7% of people raped at least once in their life

United States 2007 Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence victimization among U.S. adults, 2001-2003 details
31 Violence, Sexual

92% female rape victims raped by intimate partner/acquaintance

United States 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010 Summary Report CDC details
32 False Rape

Forcible rape claims are "proven to be false" 4x more than any other Index crime (8% vs. 2%),

United States 1992 Crime Index Offenses Reported, p. 24 US Dept of Justice details
33 False Rape

The "2% claims are false" statistic is unfounded

United States 2000 The Truth behind Legal Dominance Feminism's Two Percent False Rape Claim Figure, p. 951 Loyola Law details
34 False Rape

No figure given on % of false rape charges (high or low) is usable

United States 2006 False Allegations of Rape Cambridge Law Journal details
35 Genital Mutilation

Circumcised boys are more likely than intact boys to develop ASD before age 10 years (controlled for cultural background)

Denmark 2014 Ritual circumcision and risk of autism spectrum disorder in 0- to 9-year-old boys: national cohort study in Denmark Department of Epidemiology Research details
36 Feminist Activism

Feminist groups (not husbands) oppose shared parenting legislation

United States 1997 Action Alert: HB 4564 - Mandated Joint Custody National Organization for Women details
37 Incarceration

13x more men (1,458,363) than women (112,498) incarcerated

United States 2006 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 143 Arizona State University details
38 Incarceration

95% of convicted men vs 76.4% of convicted women incarcerated for violent crimes

United States 2003 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 143 Arizona State University details
39 Incarceration

>2x sentencing for men (90.7 mo) than women (42.5 mo)

United States 2003 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 144 Arizona State University details
40 Incarceration

42% male sentences were prison vs 27% female

United States 2003 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 145 Arizona State University details
41 Incarceration

Male sentencing 45% higher than female (61 mo vs. 42 mo)

United States 2007 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 146 Arizona State University details
42 Incarceration

1.5% of those on death row are women (51 of 3,228)

United States 2007 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 147 Arizona State University details
43 Incarceration

men 60-70% more likely to be incarcerated for same crime ("possession of drugs with intent to deliver") with same criminal history ("no prior felony convictions")

United States 1993 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 151 Arizona State University details
44 Incarceration

men 70-80% more likely to be incarcerated for same crime ("possession of drugs") with same criminal history ("no prior felony convictions")

United States 1993 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 151 Arizona State University details
45 Incarceration

males 71% more likely to be incarcerated

United States 2006 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 155 Arizona State University details
46 Incarceration

males sentences 20% longer

United States 2006 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 155 Arizona State University details
47 Incarceration

women significantly less likely than men to be detained in jail before trial

United States 1998 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 156 Arizona State University details
48 Incarceration

2x more likely to be sentenced to prison

United States 2004 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 157 Arizona State University details
49 Incarceration

25-30% longer sentences for men

United States 2004 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 157 Arizona State University details
50 Incarceration

Male parents receive 30% (103.05 vs 79.2 mo) longer sentences than female parents

United States 2006 How Do Judges Decide?: The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment, p. 158 Arizona State University details
51 Violence, Intimate Partner

Women 70% of perpetrators of non-reciprocal IPV

United States 2006 Differences in Frequency of Violence and Reported Injury Between Relationships With Reciprocal and Nonreciprocal Intimate Partner Violence American Journal of Public Health details
52 Health

Men majority of 8 out of 10 most prevalent cancers (women majority in breast (gender-specific) and thyroid (which, at 3%, has the lowest mortality rate of all cancers represented at this source)

United States 2014 Cancer Stat Fact Sheets National Cancer Institute details
53 Income

Women work 93% the hours men work (FTEs)

United States 2014 American Time Use Survey Bureau of Labor Statistics details
54 Feminist Activism

Feminist group supports anonymity for accuser, oppose anonymity for accused

United Kingdom 2015 No to anonymity for men accused of rape Women Against Rape details
55 Economic Power

75% of household purchases are controlled by women

United States 2009 Press Release Mediamark Research and Intelligence details
56 Parenthood

30% of men who suspect they're not biological fathers are right

international 2006 How well does paternity confidence match actual paternity? Evidence from worldwide nonpaternity rates University of Michigan details
57 Feminist Activism

Feminist group supports anonymity for accuser, oppose anonymity for accused

United Kingdom 2010 We OBJECT to plans to grant anonymity to rape defendants London Feminist Network details
58 Violence

Men (18+) more likely to experience violence (8.7% vs 5.3%)

Australia 2012 Measuring the Prevalence of Violence Bureau of Statistics details
59 Violence, Sexual

1.2% of women (18+) experienced sexual violence that year

Australia 2012 Measuring the Prevalence of Violence Bureau of Statistics details
60 Feminist Activism

Feminist group advocates for closing of women's prisons & replacing with rehabilitation initiatives; no mention of male prisoners

United Kingdom 2011 Reforming Women’s Justice Prison Reform Trust details
61 Genital Mutilation

Of the 20% of circumcised men who experience change in sexuality, 2x more likely to be diminished than improved

South Korea 2002 Extraordinarily high rates of male circumcision in South Korea: history and underlying causes Institute of Reproductive Medicine and Population details
62 Parenthood

Boys and girls similar victims of child abuse (48% vs. 51.5%)

United States 2001 Child Maltreatment 2001 Dept of Health and Human Services details
63 Parenthood

Mothers abuse children roughly 2x more frequently than fathers (40.5% vs. 17.7% as sole perpetrators; 66.2% vs 38% in conjunction with others)

United States 2001 Child Maltreatment 2001 Dept of Health and Human Services details
64 Parenthood

Boys and girls similar victims of child abuse (47.3% vs. 50.7%)

United States 2007 Child Maltreatment 2007 Dept of Health and Human Services details
65 Parenthood

Mothers abuse children over 2x more frequently than fathers (40% vs. 18.3% as sole perpetrators)

United States 2007 Child Maltreatment 2007 Dept of Health and Human Services details
66 Sexuality

Men aren't responsible for repression of female sexuality, women are

United States 2002 Cultural Suppression of Female Sexuality, pp. 166, 188-189, 195-197 Case Western Reserve University, San Diego State University details
67 Violence, Intimate Partner

Women >= men in domestic violence

international 2012 References examining assaults by women on their spouses or male partners California State University details
68 Violence, Intimate Partner

Women >= men in domestic violence

international 2000 Sex Differences in Aggression Between Heterosexual Partners: A Meta-Analytic Review University of Central Lancashire details
69 Violence, Sexual

95% of sexual coercion among males 16-24 years old done by women

United States 2013 Sexual Coercion Context and Psychosocial Correlates Among Diverse Males, p. 48 University of Missouri details
70 Workplace

Forced gender quotas on boards lead to poor business outcomes

Norway 2011 The Changing of the Boards: The Impact on Firm Valuation of Mandated Female Board Representation University of Southern California, University of Michigan details
71 Workplace

Forced gender quotas on boards lead to poor business outcomes

Norway 2008 Women in the Boardroom and Their Impact on Governance and Performance University of New South Wales, LSA details
72 Violence, Sexual

40.5% of all rapists are women

United States 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010 Summary Report CDC details
73 Violence, Sexual

25-31% of young men had non-consensual sex initiated by a woman

2003 Men's Reports of Nonconsensual Sexual Interactions with Women: Prevalence and Impact University of Potsdam details
74 Violence, Intimate Partner

Adolescent girls more likely than boys (35% vs. 29%) to be physically violent with dating partners as boys

United States 2013 National Rates of Adolescent Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Teen-Dating Violence American Psychological Association details
75 Violence, Intimate Partner

Adolescent girls more likely than boys (41% vs. 37%) to be victims of dating violence

United States 2013 National Rates of Adolescent Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Teen-Dating Violence American Psychological Association details
76 Parenthood

Boys 50% more likely to die of maltreatment than girls (675 vs 454)

United States 2006 Child Maltreatment 2006, p. 71 Dept of Health and Human Services details
77 Parenthood

When only one parent involved in abuse, women ~70% likely to be abuser/killer

United States 2001-2006 Child Maltreatment reports Dept of Health and Human Services details
78 Homelessness

Men are 70-80% of all homeless

Canada 2009 Street Needs Assessment Results 2009, p. 24 Toronto Shelter, Support, and Housing Administration details
79 Health

Of the top 15 leading causes of death, men lead in 12, are tied in 2, & trail in 1

United States 2007 Deaths: Final Data for 2007, Table B, P. 5 Dept of Health and Human Services details
80 Income

Men work 2.65x more overtime hours

United States 2009 An analysis of the reasons for the disparity in wages between men and women: final report, p. 18, Table 1 US Dept of Labor details
81 Mortality

93% work fatalities are men

United States 2013 Table A-7. Fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics and event or exposure Bureau of Labor Statistics details
82 Suicide

70% of suicides are men (23,055 vs. 9,094)

United States 2013 Fatal Injury Reports Center for Disease Control details
83 Violence, Intimate Partner

Violence as common in lesbian relationships as in heterosexual relationships

United States 1999 Violence in lesbian and gay relationships: Theory, prevalence, and correlational factors University of South Carolina details
84 Income

Men work overtime 2.25x more often than women

United States 2009 An analysis of the reasons for the disparity in wages between men and women: final report, p. 18, Table 1 US Dept of Labor details
85 Mental Health

In 9 of top 10 happiest countries, women are as happy (1) or happier (8) than men

international 2013 Better Life Index The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development details
86 Mental Health

In 18 of top 20 happiest countries, women are as happy (2) or happier (16) than men

international 2013 Better Life Index The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development details
87 Mental Health

In 25 of top 30 happiest countries, women are as happy (2) or happier (23) than men

international 2013 Better Life Index The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development details
88 Mental Health

In 29 of top 36 happiest countries, women are as happy (2) or happier (27) than men

international 2013 Better Life Index The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development details
89 Suicide

79% of suicides are men

United States 2012 Suicide: Facts at a Glance Center for Disease Control details
90 Legal System

Up to 5 years in prison and/or $250,000 fine, cannot vote, no federal scholarships: penalty for men not registering for draft

United States 2015 SSS FAQ Selective Service System details
91 Rape Culture

2.8% female rape (completed + attempted) rate on campus in academic year

United States 2000 The Sexual Victimization of College Women, p. 10 Department of Justice details
92 Rape Culture

Rape is not caused by "rape culture"

United States 2014 Letter to White House Task Force Rape Abuse and Incest National Network details
93 Income

Women work 96% the hours men work (FTEs)

United States 2013 Graduating to a Pay Gap, p. 2 AAUW details
94 Health

Men majority of 9 out of 10 deadliest (highest # of deaths) cancers

United States 2014 Cancer Stat Fact Sheets National Cancer Institute details
95 Health

Men majority of 9 out of 10 deadliest (highest mortality rate) cancers

United States 2014 Cancer Stat Fact Sheets National Cancer Institute details
96 Health

Men majority of 16 out of 18 non-gender-specific cancers (excludes prostate, breast, ovarian, cervical, testicular, vaginal)

United States 2014 Cancer Stat Fact Sheets National Cancer Institute details
97 Health

Female-specific cancer funding = $807M, Male-specific cancer funding = $274M (breast+ovarian+cervical+vaginal+uterine vs prostate+testicular+penile)

United States 2012 Research Funding by Cancer Type National Cancer Institute details
98 Income

Women work 71% the hours men work (all)

United States 2012 Table A-1 2012 Bureau of Labor Statistics details
99 Income

Women work 88% the hours men work (all employed)

United States 2012 Table A-1 2012 Bureau of Labor Statistics details
100 Violence, Intimate Partner

36% of IPV murder ("intimate killing") victims are men

United States 2011 Homicide Trends in the United States, p. 10 Department of Justice details
101 Patriarchy

Men do not have own-group bias, women do (i.e. - men and women both inherently favor women)

United States 2004 Gender differences in automatic in-group bias: why do women like women more than men like men? Rutgers University, Purdue University details
102 Suicide

22 veterans died by suicide each day in 2010

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
103 False Rape

In exonerated sexual assault cases, 76% involved mistaken witness ID

United States 2015 % Exonerations by contributing factor and type of crime University of Michigan Law School details
104 False Rape

In exonerated sexual assault cases, 33% involved perjury or false accusation

United States 2015 % Exonerations by contributing factor and type of crime University of Michigan Law School details
105 False Rape

In exonerated sexual assault cases, 32% involved false or misleading genetic evidence

United States 2015 % Exonerations by contributing factor and type of crime University of Michigan Law School details
106 False Rape

In exonerated sexual assault cases, 23% involved official misconduct

United States 2015 % Exonerations by contributing factor and type of crime University of Michigan Law School details
107 False Rape

In exonerated sexual assault cases, 8% of the accused confessed

United States 2015 % Exonerations by contributing factor and type of crime University of Michigan Law School details
108 False Rape

The rate of 'False or Misleading Forensic Evidence' is highest in adult sexual assault cases (32%)

United States 2015 Basic Patterns University of Michigan Law School details
109 Suicide

Male veterans 3x more likely to commit suicide than female veterans

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012, p. 9 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
110 Suicide

Veterans comprised approximately 22.2% of all suicides reported

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012, p. 15 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
111 Suicide

Males >97% of all suicides among Veterans

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012, p. 22 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
112 Suicide

Males 74% of non-Veteran suicides

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012, p. 22 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
113 Suicide

Veterans suicides were more likely to have been married/widowed/divorced, non-Hispanic whites, and higher levels of academic achievement

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012, p. 23 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
114 Suicide

Female vetarans have more non-fatal suicide events

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012, p. 30 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
115 Suicide

Male veterans 80% of suicide hotline callers

United States 2013 Suicide Data Report, 2012, p. 37 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
116 Suicide

27.3% increase in male suicide from 1999-2010 (28.4% in US on average)

United States 2014 Suicide Rates in VHA Patients through 2011 with Comparisons with Other Americans and other Veterans through 2010, p. 16 Department of Veteran's Affairs details
117 Parenthood

Average false paternity rate is 3.9%

international 2006 How well does paternity confidence match actual paternity? Evidence from worldwide nonpaternity rates University of Michigan details
118 Parenthood

1.4% misattributed paternity for caucasians

United States 1961 Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Human Genetics, pp. 894-897 details
119 Parenthood

10.1% misattributed paternity for african-americans

United States 1961 Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Human Genetics, pp. 894-897 details
120 Violence, Intimate Partner

Rates of physical assault victimization: 12% men, 11.6% women

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 333 University of New Hampshire details
121 Violence, Intimate Partner

Rates of severe physical assault victimization: 3.8% men, 4.6% women

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 333 University of New Hampshire details
122 Violence, Intimate Partner

Over 160 studies show gender symmetry in perpetration in IPV

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 334 University of New Hampshire details
123 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among IPV, ~50% of cases are mutually violent couples

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 336 University of New Hampshire details
124 Violence, Intimate Partner

Men sustain 1/3 of IPV injuries

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 336 University of New Hampshire details
125 Violence, Intimate Partner

Men are 1/3 of IPV deaths

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 336 University of New Hampshire details
126 Violence, Intimate Partner

70% of female-initiated IPV is not in self-defense

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 337 University of New Hampshire details
127 Violence, Intimate Partner

60% of severe female-initiated IPV is not in self-defense

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 337 University of New Hampshire details
128 Violence, Intimate Partner

Self-defense-related IPV is higher for men (56%) than women (42%)

United States 2010 Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence, p. 337 University of New Hampshire details
129 Violence, Intimate Partner

National Institute of Justice stated that grant proposals involving male victims of IPV are not eligible for funding

United States 2005 Justice Responses to Intimate Partner Violence and Stalking Department of Justice details
130 Education

Despite higher test scores in math and science, teachers give boys lower grades than girls in those subjects

United States 2011 Non-cognitive Skills and the Gender Disparities in Test Scores and Teacher Assessments: Evidence from Primary School, p. 3 University of Georgia, Columbia University details
131 Education

Boys who exhibit the same "approaches to learning" as girls have no gender grade gap

United States 2011 Non-cognitive Skills and the Gender Disparities in Test Scores and Teacher Assessments: Evidence from Primary School, pp. 16-20 University of Georgia, Columbia University details
132 Incarceration

Males receive 63% longer sentence lengths (same crimes, same criminal history)

United States 2012 Estimating Gender Disparities in Federal Criminal Cases, p. 2, 8 University of Michigan Law School details
133 Incarceration

Males more likely to be charged in the first place (92.2% vs. 90.7%)

United States 2012 Estimating Gender Disparities in Federal Criminal Cases, p. 4 University of Michigan Law School details
134 Incarceration

Female cases resolved 10% sooner than males

United States 2012 Estimating Gender Disparities in Federal Criminal Cases, p. 15 University of Michigan Law School details
135 Incarceration

Women 2x more likely to avoid incarceration if convicted

United States 2012 Estimating Gender Disparities in Federal Criminal Cases, p. 17 University of Michigan Law School details
136 Violence, Sexual

Among abuse allegations for minors (8-11), 42-44% of alleged victims are boys

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 15 details
137 Violence, Sexual

1/3 of males and 1/2 of females reported being victims of unwanted sexual touching in their lifetime

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 15 details
138 Violence, Sexual

90% of males and 75% of females do not report their abuse experience

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 15 details
139 Violence, Sexual

1/4 of perpetrators of unwanted sexual exposure (e.g. - "flashing") are women

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 16 details
140 Violence, Sexual

50% of the 229 juveniles involved in prostitution reported being approached for sexual services by an adult female (62% of the males and 43.4% of the females)

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 16 details
141 Violence, Sexual

Child victims of violent sex crimes are more likely to be male

United States 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 16 details
142 Violence, Sexual

19% of males reported suffering unsolicited sexual advances (i.e. - sexual harassment)

Germany 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 19 details
143 Violence, Sexual

21% of males reported suffering unsolicited sexual advances (i.e. - sexual harassment)

France 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 19 details
144 Parenthood

Boys (0-12) are majority of investigated cases for both physical and emotional maltreatment

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.21 details
145 Violence

10% of boys (vs. 2% of girls) suffered non-sexual genital assault; 40% of perpetrators were girls

United States 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.23 details
146 Violence

Middle school boys 50% more likely to be beaten up while at school

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.23 details
147 Violence

Middle school boys 120% more likely to be robbed while at school

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.23 details
148 Violence

Middle school boys and girls were equally likely to be victims OR perpetrators of violent acts

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.23 details
149 Violence

Middle school boys 1.79x more likely to have been slapped, punched, or kicked while in school

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.23 details
150 Suicide

83% of suicides of persons under age of 20 are caucasian males

United States 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 24 details
151 Suicide

Males 4x suicide rate of females

Canada 1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 24 details
152 Violence, Sexual

Boys sexually abused by males 45% of the time, by females 55% of the time

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p. 27 details
153 Violence, Sexual

Boys more likely to be sexually abused by multiple perpetrators

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.28 details
154 Violence, Sexual

Boys more likely to be sexually abused by strangers

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.28 details
155 Violence, Sexual

Female perpetrators 25%+ of the time

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.28 details
156 Violence, Sexual

In 60% of male victims, abusers were female (self-reported)

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.30 details
157 Violence, Sexual

Among male college students, female perpetration rates as high as 72% to 82%

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.30 details
158 Violence, Sexual

80% of sexually aggressive men were sexually abused by a female in the past

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.30 details
159 Violence, Sexual

59% of sexually aggressive men were sexually abused by a female in the past

1996 The Invisible Boy: Revisioning the Victimization of Male Children and Teens, p.30 details
160 Suicide

Females not more likely to have made suicide plans (1.0% vs. 1.0%)

United States 2011 Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Adults Aged 18 Years --- United States, 2008-2011 Center for Disease Control details
161 Suicide

Females not much more likely to have suicidal thoughts than males (3.9% vs. 3.5%)

United States 2011 Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Adults Aged 18 Years --- United States, 2008-2011 Center for Disease Control details
162 Suicide

Females not much more likely to have attempted suicide (0.5% vs. 0.4%)

United States 2011 Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Adults Aged ò18 Years --- United States, 2008-2011 Center for Disease Control details
163 Suicide

Men 4x more likely to commit suicide (79% of all Suicides)

United States 2012 Suicide: Facts at a Glance Center for Disease Control details
164 Violence, Intimate Partner

38% of IPV victims are men

United States 2001 More Men than Women Victims of Intimate Partner Physical Violence, Psychological Aggression Univeristy of Phoenix details
165 Violence, Intimate Partner

53% of IPV victims are men

United States 2011 More Men than Women Victims of Intimate Partner Physical Violence, Psychological Aggression Univeristy of Phoenix details
166 Violence, Intimate Partner

45.5% of IPV victims are men

Canada 2011 More Men than Women Victims of Intimate Partner Physical Violence, Psychological Aggression Univeristy of Phoenix details
167 Violence, Intimate Partner

21.6% of male vs. 12.7% of female IPV victims threatened with knives

United States 2001 The Risk of Serious Physical Injury from Assault by a Woman Intimate: A Re-Examination of National Violence Against Women Survey Data on Type of Assault by an Intimate Univeristy of Phoenix details
170 Parenthood

10.4% of men vs 8.6% of women had partner try to initiate pregnancy/stop birth control against the other's wishes

United States 2011 More Men than Women Victims of Intimate Partner Physical Violence, Psychological Aggression Univeristy of Phoenix details
182 Health

Of gendered cancers (male-specific vs. female-specific): funding ($271M vs. $788M), new cases (242k vs. 272k), deaths (30k vs. 59k)

United States 2012, 2014 Cancer Stat Fact Sheets + Research Funding by Cancer Type National Cancer Institute details
183 Genital Mutilation

Strong correlation between country-level autism/ASD prevalence in males and a country's circumcision rate

international 2013 Prenatal and perinatal analgesic exposure and autism: an ecological link University of Massachusetts details
184 Genital Mutilation

Neonatal injury or trauma is a factor associated with autism risk

international 2011 Perinatal and Neonatal Risk Factors for Autism: A Comprehensive Meta-analysis Harvard School of Public Health, Brown University details
187 Rape Culture

Students less likely than nonstudents to report to the police or consider important enough to report

United States 2014 Rape and Sexual Assault Among College-age Females, p. 1 Bureau of Justice Statistics details
190 Divorce

1/4 of divorce cases involve allegations of IPV

United States 2007 What is the Cost of False Allegations of Domestic Violence? Stop Abusive and Violent Environments details
191 Divorce

In 70% of divorce cases involving allegations of IPV, the allegation is deemed to be unnecessary or false

United States 2005 What is the Cost of False Allegations of Domestic Violence? Stop Abusive and Violent Environments details
193 Violence, Sexual

Males 2.9x more likely than females (8.2% vs. 2.8%) in juvenile facilities to be sexually assaulted by staff

United States 2013 Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, p. 4 Bureau of Justice Statistics details
194 Education

Male students expect lower grades from female teachers (and are right); female students expect higher grades from male teachers (and are wrong)

United Kingdom 2012 Students' Perceptions of Teacher Biases: Experimental Economics in Schools, p. 3 London School of Economics details
195 Violence, Sexual

92.1% of all rapes at Juvenile centers are comitted by female guardians raping teen boys (89.1% solely female, 3% both); females represented only 44% of facility staff

United States 2013 Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, p. 5 Bureau of Justice Statistics details
196 Rape Culture

Rate of rape and sexual assault was 20% times higher for nonstudents (7.6 per 1,000) than for students (6.1 per 1,000)

United States 2014 Rape and Sexual Assault Among College-age Females, p. 1 Bureau of Justice Statistics details
197 Violence, Sexual

Half of commercially sexually exploited children were boys; 40% had female clients (13% exclusively so)

United States 2008 The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, p. 3 John Jay College of Criminal Justice details
198 Divorce

The higher the wife's % of household income, the higher likelihood of divorce

Sweden 1998 Does divorce risk depend on spouses' relative income? Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research details
199 Divorce

Income ratios that conform to egalitarian power relations do not have a stabilizing effect on marriage

Sweden 1998 Does divorce risk depend on spouses' relative income? Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research details
200 Violence, Sexual

Female commercially sexually exploited children more likely to be housed than males (NYC)

United States 2008 The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, p. 4 John Jay College of Criminal Justice details
201 Violence, Sexual

Male defendants in sexual exploitation cases received more severe outcomes than female defendents

United States 2000 The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, p. 4 John Jay College of Criminal Justice details
202 Violence, Sexual

Several CASEC initiatives targeted girls exclusively (and none targeted boys exclusively)

United States 2008 The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, p. 9 John Jay College of Criminal Justice details
203 Violence, Sexual

Females 2.4x more likely than males (5.4% vs. 2.2%) in juvenile facilities to be sexually assaulted by other youth

United States 2013 Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, p. 4 Bureau of Justice Statistics details
204 Education

Male students expect lower grades from female teachers (and are right); female students expect higher grades from male teachers (and are wrong)

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, Abstract National Bureau of Economic Research details
205 Education

The size of the male:female gender gap in reading is ~half the size of the corresponding black-white gap (17 year-olds)

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 4 National Bureau of Economic Research details
206 Divorce

>2/3 of divorce cases are filed by wives

United States 2000 "These Boots Are Made For Walking": Why Most Divorce Filers Are Women, p. 127 University of Iowa, Simon Fraser University details
207 Incarceration

Wives convicted of killing spouses receive prison sentences 10 years shorter than husbands convicted of killing spouses (6 years vs. 16.5 years; excludes life or death sentences)

United States 1995 Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Communities Department of Justice details
208 Incarceration

Wives charged with killing spouses convicted 20% less frequently than husbands charged with killing spouses (70% vs. 87% conviction rates)

United States 1995 Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Communities Department of Justice details
209 Incarceration

Wives charged with killing spouses 5.1x more likely to be acquitted than husbands charged with killing spouses (31% vs. 6% acquittal rate; both judge and jury trials)

United States 1995 Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Communities Department of Justice details
210 Incarceration

Wives charged with killing spouses infinitely more likely to be acquitted than husbands charged with killing spouses (27% vs. 0% acquittal rate; jury trials only)

United States 1995 Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Communities Department of Justice details
211 Incarceration

Wives convicted of killing spouses 14% less likely to receive a prison sentence than husbands convicted of killing spouses (81% vs. 94% sentencing rate)

United States 1995 Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Communities Department of Justice details
212 Incarceration

Wives convicted of killing spouses 65% less likely to receive a prison sentence of 20+ years than husbands convicted of killing spouses (15% vs. 43%; includes life imprisonment and death penalty)

United States 1995 Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Communities Department of Justice details
213 Incarceration

Wives convicted of unprovoked killing of spouses receive prison sentences 10 years shorter than husbands convicted of unprovoked killing of spouses (7 years vs. 17 years)

United States 1995 Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Communities Department of Justice details
214 Education

Boys are substantially more likely than girls to repeat a grade

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 5 National Bureau of Economic Research details
215 Education

Variance in male test scores is consistently larger than that of females; boys overrepresented among both high and low performers

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 5 National Bureau of Economic Research details
216 Education

Biological factors (such as differences in brain structure and exposure to sex hormones) do contribute to gender-specific skill advantages

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, pp. 5-6 National Bureau of Economic Research details
217 Education

The teacher's gender is "the most obvious factor that seems to shape sex equity in the classroom"

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 7 National Bureau of Economic Research details
218 Education

White female students are more favorably evaluated by white female teachers in math and science

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 8 National Bureau of Economic Research details
219 Education

Male students face discrimination in every subject (except foreign language) by public high school teachers

Israel 2008 Do gender stereotypes reduce girls' or boys' human capital outcomes? Evidence from a natural experiment, p. 2083 Hebrew University details
220 Education

Assignment to a female teacher reduces the test scores of boys by a statistically signifant amount; raises test scores of girls by a similar amount

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, pp. 15, 21 National Bureau of Economic Research details
221 Education

Boys with a propensity for low achievement are more likely to be assigned to male teachers

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 16 National Bureau of Economic Research details
222 Education

Female history teachers increase girls' achievement by a statistically significant amount (without raising boys' achievement)

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, pp. 17, 19-20 National Bureau of Economic Research details
223 Education

Female science teachers lower the achievement of boys, but not girls

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, pp. 17-18 National Bureau of Economic Research details
224 Education

Boys are significantly more likely to be seen as disruptive when assigned to a female teacher

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 25-26, 27 National Bureau of Economic Research details
225 Education

For boys, achievement consequences of assignment to a female teacher are uniform across subjects.

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 21 National Bureau of Economic Research details
226 Education

Percentage of female 6th grade teachers: 68-91%

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 26 National Bureau of Economic Research details
227 Education

Percentage of female 8th grade reading teachers: 83%

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 26 National Bureau of Economic Research details
228 Education

Over 50% of 8th grade math and science teachers are female

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 26 National Bureau of Economic Research details
229 Education

A large fraction of boys' dramatic underperformance in reading is associated with the fact that their reading teachers are overwhelmingly female

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 26 National Bureau of Economic Research details
230 Education

Across all subjects, boys are substantially more likely to be viewed pejoratively by their teacher

United States 2005 Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement, p. 12 National Bureau of Economic Research details
231 Workplace

Over the last 3 decades, market trajectory of males has turned downward along four dimensions: skills acquisition, employment rates, occupational stature, and real wage levels.

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 7 MIT details
232 Workplace

The nature of the widening male gender gap is that it will probably grow differentially with each generation

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 8 MIT details
233 Education

Female gap in college attendance is ~10 percentage points; females 17% more likely to attend college

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 11 MIT details
234 Education

Female gap in 4-year college graduation is 7 percentage points; females 23% more likely to complete a 4-year degree

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 11 MIT details
235 Education

Women born in the early 1950s and later (i.e. - women about 60 years old and younger) have outpaced men in college attendance

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, pp. 10-11 MIT details
236 Education

Women born in the late 1950s and later (i.e. - women about 55 years old and younger) have outpaced men in college graduation

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, pp. 10-11 MIT details
237 Workplace

Women and men equal representation in low-skilled service industries (55% vs 45%)

United States 2009 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 13 MIT details
238 Workplace

Women and men equal representation in high-skilled, managerial/professional/technical occupations (52% vs 48%)

United States 2009 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 13 MIT details
239 Workplace

Shrinking gender gap is not purely due to womens' advances; also reflects males' decline

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 21 MIT details
240 Income

Earnings gap b/w non-educated and highly-educated males and females is roughly equal

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 25 MIT details
241 Parenthood

Declines in male earning power + gains in female economic self-sufficiency -> reduced economic value of marriage to women (especially less-educated women) -> single-headed female households -> disproportionately negatively affects male children

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, pp. 27, 29 MIT details
242 Income

High degree of correlation between female marriage rates and male earnings levels (controlled for race)

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 30 MIT details
243 Parenthood

Males with increased career-orientation, income, and employment are ~30% more likely to be living with IP and/or children

United States 2008 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 31 MIT details
244 Incarceration

26% of black men ages 25-39 have no HS degree. This has quintupled from 1970 to 2010 (<5% vs 26%).

United States 2013 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 31 MIT details
245 Incarceration

1 percentage point increase in male incarceration rate reduces probablity for female marriage by 1 percentage point

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 31 MIT details
246 Parenthood

40% of all births are to unmarried women (growth trend consistent across all demographic groups); half of which women ages 20-29

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 33 MIT details
247 Education

Female child's educational advantage is substantially more pronounced in female-headed households (father less-educated or not present)

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 44 MIT details
248 Education

Growing up in single-parent home significantly decreases probability of college attendance for boys, no similar effect for girls

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 44 MIT details
249 Parenthood

Absence of father-figure in a household affects boys dramatically more negatively than girls

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 49 MIT details
250 Education

Starting in 1980s, growing gap between male and female HS seniors for BA degree attainment (in all but highest socioeconomic quintile)

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, pp. 45, 47 MIT details
251 Parenthood

Gap b/w boys and girls in misbehavior (self-control, acting out, disciplinary measures) is substantially greater for children reared in single-mother households

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 46 MIT details
252 Parenthood

Boys more likely to engage in delinquent behavior during adolescence and early adulthood if raised in household with no father-figure

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, pp. 46-47 MIT details
253 Parenthood

Single mothers spend 1 hr/week less with sons than with daughters (a disparity largely absent from dual-parent homes)

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 47 MIT details
254 Parenthood

Single mothers report feeling more emotionally distant from their sons (a disparity largely absent from dual-parent homes)

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 47 MIT details
255 Parenthood

Single mothers engage in disciplinary action (e.g. - spanking) more frequently with their sons (a disparity largely absent from dual-parent homes)

United States 2010 Wayward Sons: the Emerging Gender Gap in Labor Markets and Education, p. 47 MIT details
258 Violence

Number of cross-sex homicides is nearly identical across genders

United States 1974 The Battered Husband Syndrome, p. 504 University of Delaware details
261 Health

>90% of all clinical drug trials included women as early as 1979

United States 2002 Lying in a Room of One's Own, p. 11 Independent Women's Forum details
262 Health

Women represent >60% of all subjects in NIH-funded clinical trials

United States 2002 Lying in a Room of One's Own, p. 11 Independent Women's Forum details
263 Health

Men are less likely to have medical insurance than women

United States 2002 Lying in a Room of One's Own, p. 11 Independent Women's Forum details
267 Dimorphism

Childrens' toy selections (wheeled toys vs. plush toys) reflect hormonally influenced behavioral and cognitive biases without explicit gendered socialization

international 2008 Sex differences in rhesus monkey toy preferences parallel those of children Emory University, Center for Behavioral Neuroscience details
268 Dimorphism

Children explain personal toy preferences in terms of what can be done with it (55%) rather than gender-appropriateness of the toy (<1%)

United States 1982 Children's reasoning regarding sex-typed toy choices Arizona State University details
269 Dimorphism

Juvenile male rhesus monkeys engage in more rough-and-tumble play, juvenile female monkeys show a greater interest in young infants

international 2008 Sex differences in rhesus monkey toy preferences parallel those of children Emory University, Center for Behavioral Neuroscience details
270 Dimorphism

Male vervet monkeys play longer with "male" toys (car and ball) than "female" toys (doll and pot); vice versa with female monkeys; no gender differences in preference for "neutral" toys (picture book and stuffed dog)

international 2002 Sex differences in response to children's toys in nonhuman primates (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) University of California, Los Angeles details
271 Education

In 1980s, HS women and men had same expectations of attaining graduate school (10% vs. 10%); significant gap by 2000s (21% vs. 15%)

Canada 2011 Leaving Boys Behind: Gender Disparities in High Academic Achievement, p. 7 University of British Columbia, University of Toronto, Dalhousie University details
272 Dimorphism

Infant boys show a looking preference for mechanical motion over biological motion, while infant girls show the opposite pattern

United Kingdom 2002 Human sex differences in social and non-social looking preferences at 12 months of age University of Cambridge details
273 Dimorphism

Girls with CAH (a prenatal hormonal anomaly) strongly prefer male-typical toy play despite parental encouragement of female-typical toy play (i.e. - nature > nurture)

United Kingdom 2005 Prenatal Hormones and Postnatal Socialization by Parents as Determinants of Male-Typical Toy Play in Girls With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia University College, London details
274 Divorce

2/3 of divorce cases are filed by wives

United States 1994 Who Divorced Whom? Methodological and Theoretical Issues Arizona State University details
275 Divorce

Wives are more likely to instigate separation than husbands

United States 1994 Who Divorced Whom? Methodological and Theoretical Issues Arizona State University details
276 Divorce

Women are significantly more likely to file for divorce when they're confident of winning custody

United States 2000 "These Boots Are Made For Walking": Why Most Divorce Filers Are Women, p. 155 University of Iowa, Simon Fraser University details
277 Income

Preference, rather than discrimination, is the primary source of sex differentials in labour market outcomes

United Kingdom 2006 Women, careers, and work-life preferences, p. 279, 285 London School of Economics details
278 Income

No direct link between occupational segregation and the pay gap; association is coincidental rather than causal; independent social developments

international 2006 Women, careers, and work-life preferences, p. 284 London School of Economics details
279 Income

Lowest gender pay gaps are in 3rd- (not 1st-)world countries

international 2006 Women, careers, and work-life preferences, p. 284 London School of Economics details
280 Workplace

There are no visible gender differences in styles of management

international 2006 Women, careers, and work-life preferences, p. 285 London School of Economics details
281 Income

Within a profession accepted to be discrimination-free (e.g. - pharmacy), women gravitate toward local, part-time, or fixed-hour jobs

international 2006 Women, careers, and work-life preferences, p. 285 London School of Economics details
282 Suicide

Young men (ages 10-24) are 3.7x more likely to commit suicide than young women (11.9 vs. 3.2 per 100k)

United States 2012 Suicide Trends Among Persons Aged 10-24 Years Center for Disease Control details
283 Incarceration

For all offense categories, women receive shorter sentences than men (range 18-42 mo)

United States 1991 Women in Prison, p. 4 Department of Justice details
284 Media

Video game exposure, regardless of genre or female representation, has no relation to sexist attitudes

Germany 2015 Sexist Games=Sexist Gamers? A Longitudinal Study on the Relationship Between Video Game Use and Sexist Attitudes University of Cologne, University of Munster, University of Hohenheim details
285 Legal System

In cases of IPV, when the women called the police the man arrested in 15.2% of cases; when the man called the police, the woman was never arrested

United States 1988 Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Abuse: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State, p. 831 Indiana University details
286 Legal System

If male calls IPV in, he is 3x more likely to be arrested than a woman is if she calls in IPV

United States 2003 Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Abuse: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State, p. 831 Indiana University details
288 Suicide

Male suicide rate >3x higher than female

United Kingdom 2013 Suicides in the United Kingdom, 2013 Registrations the Office for National Statistics details
289 Suicide

Male suicide rate in 2013 the highest since 2001

United Kingdom 2013 Suicides in the United Kingdom, 2013 Registrations the Office for National Statistics details
290 Suicide

Group with highest suicide rate is men aged 45-59 (not teenagers and young adults, as is often portrayed)

United Kingdom 2013 Suicides in the United Kingdom, 2013 Registrations the Office for National Statistics details
291 Income

42% of males vs 28% females initiated negotiation (males 50% more likely to negotiate)

Sweden 2012 Gender Differences in Initiation of Negotiation: Does The Gender of the Negotiation Counterpart Matter?, p. 1 Stockholm School of Economics details
292 Income

Women care more about 5 of 7 job values more than men; items that men care about as much or more are "Opportunities for promotion/advancement" (as much) and "A high-paying job" (more)

United States 2013 Chapter 3: What Men, Women Value in a Job Pew Research Center details
293 Workplace

14 percentage-point gap in which genders want to be boss/top manager; 15 percentage-point gap in which genders ARE the boss/top manager

United States 2013 Chapter 3: What Men, Women Value in a Job Pew Research Center details
294 Income

Most men (73%) and women (75%) say that where they work, men and women are paid about the same amount for doing the same job

United States 2013 On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity - For Now Pew Research Center details
295 Feminism

As many people say society treats men and women equally (40%) as say society favors men over women (45%); 10% disagree with both

United States 2013 On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity - For Now Pew Research Center details
296 Income

Most men (73%) and women (72%) say that at their workplace, women have about the same opportunities as men to advance to top executive and professional positions; 14% disagree

United States 2013 On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity - For Now Pew Research Center details
297 Workplace

Women and men roughly equal (15% vs. 17%) in managerial and administrative occupations

United States 2013 On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity - For Now Pew Research Center details
298 Income

In spite of the general perception, especially among women, that men have an advantage in terms of earning power and access to top jobs, relatively few employed adults report these types of inequities at their own workplace.

United States 2013 Chapter 2: Equal Treatment for Men and Women Pew Research Center details
299 Workplace

79% of Millennial women say that where they work, women have about the same chance as men do for advancement

United States 2013 Chapter 2: Equal Treatment for Men and Women Pew Research Center details
300 Workplace

40% of female respondents think that men prefer working with other men; only 32% of male respondents say the same

United States 2013 Chapter 2: Equal Treatment for Men and Women Pew Research Center details
301 Workplace

25% of male respondents think that women prefer working with other women; only 10% of female respondents say the same

United States 2013 Chapter 2: Equal Treatment for Men and Women Pew Research Center details
302 Workplace

78% of men and 76% of women say it doesn't matter to them if their co-workers are men or women

United States 2013 Chapter 2: Equal Treatment for Men and Women Pew Research Center details
303 Income

57% of men and 53% of women say they are adequately paid for the type of work they do and the hours they put in

United States 2013 Chapter 4: Men and Women at Work Pew Research Center details
304 Divorce

Men are 28% more likely to not receive any child support owed to them (32%) than women are (25.1%)

United States 2011 Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 2011, p. 7 Department of Commerce details
305 Divorce

Women are 5% more likely to have received all child support owed to them (43.6%) than men are (41.4%)

United States 2011 Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 2011, p. 7 Department of Commerce details
306 Marriage

When all types of labor (inside & outside home) considered, fathers labor slightly than mothers (54.2 hours vs 52.7 hours)

United States 2013 Chapter 4: How Mothers and Fathers Spend Their Time Pew Research Center details
307 Rape Culture

The author of the "1-in-5 women will be raped in college" study said that it should not be used in a broader context

United States 2014 Setting the Record Straight on "1 in 5" Time Magazine details
308 Feminism

18% feminists, 85% equal rights believers

United States 2015 Topline Results from a Survey Of n = 1,067 adults nationwide Vox.com details
309 Divorce

66% of divorces initiated by women

United Kingdom 2011 Number of divorces, age at divorce and marital status before marriage, Table 1 UK Statistics Authority details
310 Patriarchy

Both sexes assume that low BS (i.e. - low chivalry) in a man is indicative of higher HS (i.e. - misogeny), despite the opposite being statistically true (e.g. - the man believes that men and women should be treated equally)

Canada 2012 Lay misperceptions of the relationship between men's benevolent and hostile sexism, p. 30 University of Waterloo details
311 Patriarchy

Even if men explicitly state that a rejection of BS (i.e. - chivalry) stems from egalitarian values, they still suffer a reputational cost in how they are evaluated by observers

Canada 2012 Lay misperceptions of the relationship between men's benevolent and hostile sexism, p. 31 University of Waterloo details
315 Income

Women 2x more likely to work part-time (26% vs. 13%; <35 hours per week)

United States 2009 Highlights of Women's Earnings in 2009, p. 2 Department of Labor details
322 Parenthood

37% of Child Abuse and Neglect deaths caused by mothers (vs. 19% caused by fathers)

New Zealand 2013 Fourth Annual Report: January 2013 to December 2013, p. 53 Health Quality & Safety Commission details
323 Violence, Sexual

When same definition applied to both genders, women only slightly more likely than men to be forced into sex (22% vs. 16%)

United States 1988 Cultural Suppression of Female Sexuality, p. 192 Case Western Reserve University, San Diego State University details
324 Education

Grading bias against male students is the result of teachers', and not students', behavior

Israel 2008 Do gender stereotypes reduce girls' or boys' human capital outcomes? Evidence from a natural experiment, p. 2083 Hebrew University details
325 Violence, Sexual

By ages 18-19, adolescent perpetrators of sexual violence are equally male (52%) and female (48%)

United States 2013 Prevalence Rates of Male and Female Sexual Violence Perpetrators in a National Sample of Adolescents Center for Innovative Public Health Research, University of New Hampshire details
329 Parenthood

Of cases of abuse perpetrated by parents, mothers more likely than fathers to be abusors (73% vs. 23%)

Australia 2009 Mum, not dad, more likely to neglect kids Department for Child Protection and Family Support details
330 Parenthood

Mothers >17x more likely than fathers to neglect their children (>94% of parental neglect cases)

Australia 2009 Mum, not dad, more likely to neglect kids Department for Child Protection and Family Support details
331 Parenthood

Of cases of emotional/psychological abuse perpetrated by parents, mothers we perpetrators 68% of the time

Australia 2009 Mum, not dad, more likely to neglect kids Department for Child Protection and Family Support details
332 Parenthood

Of cases of physical abuse perpetrated by parents, mothers we perpetrators 53% of the time

Australia 2009 Mum, not dad, more likely to neglect kids Department for Child Protection and Family Support details
333 Parenthood

Of cases of abuse perpetrated by parents, mothers more likely than fathers to be abusors (73% vs. 23%)

Australia 2009 Mum, not dad, more likely to neglect kids Department for Child Protection and Family Support details
334 Violence, Sexual

>1/3 of students who reported attempted/completed rape were men (8% vs. 15%)

United States 2010 College Students' Sexual Assault Experiences at SUNY Geneseo: Results from an Anonymous, Campus-Wide Survey and Implications for Change, p. 4 SUNY Genesco details
335 Workplace

Male and female faculty members from all four fields studied preferred female applicants 2:1 on STEM tenure track over identically qualified males with matching lifestyle

United States 2015 National hiring experiments reveal 2:1 faculty preference for women on STEM tenure track Cornell University details
399 Legal System

IPV legislation is structured using gendered language so that only male-female IPV is recognized, studied, and therefore ideologically reinforced

United States 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, sec. 40291, p. 144 United States of America details
337 Income

38.3% of wives earn more than their husbands

United States 2010 Women in the Labor Force: A Databook Department of Labor details
349 Marriage

Fewer than 5% of domestic violence incidents involve couples in an intact married relationship - marriage is the safest partner relationship

United States 1993-1999 Intimate Partner Violence and Age of Victim, 1993-99, Fig. 4 Department of Justice details
358 Divorce

Rate of intentionally false child abuse/neglect allegations is 3x higher during custody/access disputes than otherwise (12% vs. 4% of all cases)

Canada 2004 False allegations of abuse and neglect when parents separate, p. 1333 University of Toronto details
359 Divorce

Mothers' requests for sole legal custody granted at rate 65% higher than fathers' requests granted

United States 2014 Impact of Divorce, Single Parenting and Stepparenting on Children: A Case Study of Visual Agnosia, ch. 4 Middlesex Divorce Research Group details
360 Divorce

Mothers' who sought sole custody were also granted primary physical custody in 73.8% and 95% of cases

United States 2014 Impact of Divorce, Single Parenting and Stepparenting on Children: A Case Study of Visual Agnosia, ch. 4 Middlesex Divorce Research Group details
361 Suicide

Ages 15-24: Males 5.8x rate of suicide than females; consistent across all racial demographics

United States 2000 Suicide Among 15 to 24 Year Olds by Gender, Race/Ethnicity and State: 1900 to 2000 Center for Disease Control details
362 Suicide

Ages 15-24: until ~1930, male:female suicide held around 1.5:1 (i.e. - men committing suicide several multiples more frequently is not genetically intrinsic)

United States 1900-2000 Suicide Among 15 to 24 Year Olds by Gender, Race/Ethnicity and State: 1900 to 2000, pp. 3, 5, 11 Center for Disease Control details
368 Incarceration

Males were consistently treated more severely at every stage of IPV prosecution process, particularly regarding the decision to prosecute, even when controlling for other variables (e.g., the presence of physical injuries) and when examined under different conditions.

international 2012 The Partner Abuse State of Knowledge Project Manuscripts and Online Data Base: Overview of Findings, p. 32 The Partner Abuse State of Knowledge Project details
370 Incarceration

Judges are overwhelmingly more likely to issue protective orders to women than to men seeking them (particularly in cases of less severe violence histories), to impose greater restrictions on male defendants, and to defer cases of male plaintiffs, and deny requests at 10-day hearings

international 2012 The Partner Abuse State of Knowledge Project Manuscripts and Online Data Base: Overview of Findings, p. 32 The Partner Abuse State of Knowledge Project details
372 Workplace

No evidence for discrimination of women in STEM; not in grant and manuscript reviewing, interviewing, or hiring

United States 2010 Understanding current causes of women's underrepresentation in science Cornell University details
373 Violence, Sexual

>60% of children molested in daycares, women are perpetrators

2000 Psychological profile of pedophiles and child molesters. St John's University details
374 Violence, Sexual

Women perpetrators involved in 45% of child molestations (22% female-only perpetrator + 23% both male and female perpetrators)

United States 2005 Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion details
375 Violence, Sexual

Among student victims of educator SV: 57.2% report a male offender and 42.4% report a female offender

United States 2004 Educator Sexual Misconduct: A Synthesis of Existing Literature Department of Education details
376 Incarceration

Both blacks and males (1) receive longer sentences, (2) are less likely to receive no prison term when that option is available, (3) more likely to receive upward departures, (4) less likely to receive downward departures, and, (5) when downward departures are given, blacks and males receive smaller adjustments than whites and females

United States 2001 Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Disparities in Sentencing: Evidence from the U.S. Federal Courts University of Georgia details
377 Education

Girls from age 4 and boys from age 7 believed, and thought adults believed, that boys are academically inferior to girls.

United Kingdom 2013 A Stereotype Threat Account of Boys' Academic Underachievement University of Kent details
378 Patriarchy

Attitudes/stereotypes about women are extremely favorable - in fact, more favorable than those about men

United States 1989 Gender Stereotypes and Attitudes Toward Women and Men Purdue University details
379 Patriarchy

Attitudes toward women appear to be more positive than those toward men

international 1993 Are People Prejudiced Against Women? Some Answers From Research on Attitudes, Gender Stereotypes, and Judgments of Competence Purdue University details
380 Workplace

Research on competence judgments has not shown a pervasive tendency to devalue women's work

international 1993 Are People Prejudiced Against Women? Some Answers From Research on Attitudes, Gender Stereotypes, and Judgments of Competence Purdue University details
381 Rape Culture

Author of the "1-in-5" statistic study says that the study is flawed, and that it's a mistake to apply it nationally.

United States 1993 The Making of an Epidemic, p. 9 The Blade newspaper details
382 Economic Power

Women are the primary spenders in 77% of consumer markets in terms of proportion of spend directly controlled

international 2007 Who Buys What: Identifying International Spending Patterns Euromonitor International details
383 Education

Among married couples, wives are 47% more likely to have more education than husbands (28% vs. 19%)

United States 2007 Women, Men and the New Economics of Marriage, p. 1 Pew Research Center details
384 Workplace

Males accounted for about 75% of the 2008 decline in employment among prime-working-age individuals

United States 2009 Women, Men and the New Economics of Marriage, p. 2 Department of Labor details
385 Education

Among college-educated adults, married men are more likely to have college-educated spouse than married women (71% vs. 64%)

United States 2007 Women, Men and the New Economics of Marriage, p. 4 Pew Research Center details
386 Workplace

1288 women-owned businesses are launched per day

United States 2013-2014 2014 State of Women-Owned Businesses Report, pp. 1, 8 American Express OPEN details
387 Workplace

Women own 30% of all private businesses

United States 2014 2014 State of Women-Owned Businesses Report, p. 2 American Express OPEN details
388 Income

Women are the primary breadwinners in over 40% of U.S. households

United States 2013 Breadwinner Moms Pew Research Center details
389 Health

Boys born in December are 30% more likely to receive a diagnosis of ADHD than boys born in January

Canada 2012 Influence of relative age on diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children University of British Columbia, Victoria; University of British Columbia, Vancouver details
390 Health

Boys born in December are 41% more likely to be given a prescription for a medication to treat ADHD than boys born in January

Canada 2012 Influence of relative age on diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children University of British Columbia, Victoria; University of British Columbia, Vancouver details
391 Patriarchy

On the Titanic, the richest men (1st class) had a lower survival rate than the poorest women (32.57% vs. 46.06%)

international 1912 British Parliamentary Papers, Shipping Casualties (Loss of the Steamship "Titanic") details
392 Workplace

Occupational segregation most extreme in countries that appear most committed to egalitarian reform and family-friendly policies

international 2004 Occupational Ghettos: The Worldwide Segregation of Women and Men University of California, Stanford University details
393 Education

Boys are 9x as likely to be referred for an ADHD diagnosis by teachers

United States 2015 Teaching the Male Brain: How Boys Think, Feel, and Learn in School, ch. 5, pt. 1 Germanna Community College details
394 Suicide

Married men are nearly 2x more likely to commit suicide than married women (63,343 vs. 31,921)

India 2012 Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India, 2012, p. 183 Ministry of Home Affairs details
395 Suicide

"Family problems" were the cause of 25.6% of all suicides

India 2012 Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India, 2012, p. 176 Ministry of Home Affairs details
396 Workplace

Despite being 17th in female labor participation among 22 OECD countries, US women more likely to have full-time jobs and to work as managers or professionals

United States 2010 Female Labor Supply: Why is the US Falling Behind? Cornell University details
397 Feminist Activism

Feminists use 7 concrete methods (including harassment, threats, and academic/journalistic obstruction) to consciously distort facts of IPV

international 2007 Processes Explaining the Concealment and Distortion of Evidence on Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence University of New Hampshire details
398 Feminist Activism

Feminist organization opposed 2009 stimulus for being too oriented in masculine professions, despite that fact that the vast majority of jobs lost in the recession were those of men

United States 2009 Three Steps to Women's Fair Share of the Recovery W.E.A.V.E. details
476 Legal System

In cases of IPV, when the women called the police the man was ordered to leave the home 41.4% of the time; when the man called the police, the woman was never ordered to leave the home

United States 1988 Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Abuse: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State, pp. 831 Indiana University details
400 Legal System

IPV legislation is structured so that accusers with a history of proven false accusations cannot have that history brought up as evidence against claim

United States 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, sec. 40141, p. 124 United States of America details
401 Feminist Activism

IPV legislation (slipped into a stimulus bill), structured to grant funds for assisting exclusively female (explicitly stated in 7 areas, implicitly stated in all) victims of crimes

United States 2009 Violence Against Women Formula Grants, Uses and Use Restrictions (070) United States of America details
402 Incarceration

In the last thirty-five years, there has been a steady erosion of the due process rights of those accused of rape

United States 2008 An Analysis of Thirty-Five Years of Rape Reform: A Frustrating Search for Fundamental Fairness Touro College details
403 Genital Mutilation

30-33% of men in the world are circumcised (over 661.5 billion, ages 15+)

international 2007 Male circumcision: Global trends and determinants of prevalence, safety and acceptability World Health Organization, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/Aids details
404 Feminist Activism

It was a feminist, not "the Patriarchy," who wrote, lobbied for, and pushed through the legislation to make maternal custody the default

United Kingdom 1839 A Plain Letter to the Lord Chancellor on the Infant Custody Bill details
406 Feminist Activism

The story of how feminists bullied, harassed, threatened with death, threatened with bombs, and killed the dog of the founder of the women's shelter movement because asserted that women, too, perpetrate IPV

United Kingdom 1999 Who's Failing the Family details
407 Income

A contributing factor to the shortage in pharmacists is that female pharmacists work fewer hours per week than their male peers (37 vs. 44; 16% less)

United States 2001 Differences between Male and Female Pharmacists in Part-Time Status and Employment Settings University of Illinois details
408 Income

A contributing factor to the shortage in pharmacists is that female pharmacists are more likely to work part time than their male peers (28% vs. 11%; 2.5x)

United States 2001 Differences between Male and Female Pharmacists in Part-Time Status and Employment Settings University of Illinois details
409 Mortality

92% of workplace fatalities are men

United States 2006 Employment and fatalities, by gender of worker, 2006, p. 8 Department of Labor details
410 Violence

Men 25% more likely to be victim of a violent crime (29.1% vs. 23.3%)

United States 2012 Criminal Victimization 2012, p. 7, table 7 Department of Justice details
411 Violence

Men 70% more likely to be victim of a serious violent crime (9.4% vs. 6.6%)

United States 2012 Criminal Victimization 2012, p. 7, table 7 Department of Justice details
412 Workplace

Among Disability Insurance recipients, men are more likely to be disabled because of workplace accidents, injuries, or illnesses than women (45% vs 26.2%)

United States 1992 The Fraction of Disability Caused at Work Social Security Administration details
413 Patriarchy

Since the 1980 presidential elections, the rate of women who voted has consistently been greater than that of men

United States 1964-2002 Gender Differences in Voter Turnout, p. 1 Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rugers University details
414 Patriarchy

Since the 1986 non-presidential elections, the rate of women who voted has consistently been greater than that of men

United States 1964-2003 Gender Differences in Voter Turnout, p. 2 Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rugers University details
415 Patriarchy

Since the 1964 presidential elections, the number of women who voted has consistently been greater than that of men

United States 1964-2004 Gender Differences in Voter Turnout, p. 1 Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rugers University details
416 Patriarchy

Since the 1966 non-presidential elections, the number of women who voted has consistently been greater than that of men

United States 1964-2005 Gender Differences in Voter Turnout, p. 2 Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rugers University details
417 Parenthood

A woman is entitled to sue the father of her child for child support even if conception occurred as a result of a statutory rape of a boy

United States 1993 Hermesmann v. Seyer State of Kansas details
419 Parenthood

A woman is entitled to sue the father of her child for child support even if conception occurred as a result of a statutory rape of a boy

United States 2004 In the Matter of the Paternity of K.B. State of Oklahoma details
420 Parenthood

A woman is entitled to sue the father of her child for child support even if conception occurred as a result of a statutory rape of a boy

United States 1996 County of San Luis Obispo v. Nathaniel J. State of California details
421 Parenthood

A woman is entitled to sue the father of her child for child support even if conception occurred as a result of a statutory rape of a boy

United States 1989 RE the Paternity of J.L.H.: J.J.G., v. L.H. State of Wisconsin details
422 Parenthood

A woman is entitled to sue the father of her child for child support even if conception occurred as a result of a statutory rape of a boy

United States 1992 Imogene T. v. Alf M. State of New York details
423 Parenthood

A woman is entitled to sue the father of her child for child support even if conception occurred as a result of raping an unconscious man

United States 1996 SF v. State Ex Rel. TM State of Alabama details
424 Violence, Sexual

41% of perpetrators of conflict-associated sexual violence against women were women

Congo 2010 Association of Sexual Violence and Human Rights Violations With Physical and Mental Health in Territories of the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo Carnegie Mellon University, Harvard University, McGill University, StatAid, International Medical Corps, Special Operations Command Africa-United States Africa Command details
425 Violence, Sexual

10% of perpetrators of conflict-associated sexual violence against men were women

Congo 2010 Association of Sexual Violence and Human Rights Violations With Physical and Mental Health in Territories of the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo Carnegie Mellon University, Harvard University, McGill University, StatAid, International Medical Corps, Special Operations Command Africa-United States Africa Command details
426 Divorce

37.9% of fathers have no access/visitation rights

United States 1991 Child Support and Alimony 1989 Department of Commerce details
427 Divorce

20% of mothers saw no value whatsoever in the father's continued contact with his children and actively tried to sabotage the meetings

United States 1979 Surviving the Brakup: How Children and Parents Cope with Divorce details
436 Income

There is no "marriage premium for men," but a correlation between the characteristits that lead to good marriages and those that produce good jobs and higher wages (i.e. - correlation causation)

United States 1995 Marriage and Earnings, pp. 11, 19 University of Georgia, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland details
437 Workplace

There is no significant gender gap in views about how having more women in the workplace affects marriage and child rearing.

United States 2013 Breadwinner Moms Pew Research Center details
438 Workplace

In families where the mother out-earns the father, 71% have two working parents and 22% consist of couples in which the mother is the sole earner of the family. However, when the father out-earns the mother, he is more likely (41% of families) to be the sole breadwinner.

United States 2013 Breadwinner Moms Pew Research Center details
439 Legal System

Currently, it is not legally possible for a woman to rape a man

India 2015 Indian Penal Code India details
440 Feminist Activism

Feminist groups (not husbands) oppose default shared parenting legislation

United States 2005 NOW - New York State Oppose Memo National Organization for Women details
441 Feminist Activism

Feminist groups (not husbands) oppose default shared parenting legislation

United States 2009 NOW - New York State Oppose Memo: Mandatory Joint Custody National Organization for Women details
442 Feminist Activism

Feminist groups oppose mediation in divorce, insisting that everything goes through court systems

United States 2008 NOW - New York State Oppose Memo: Mandated Mediation National Organization for Women details
443 Feminist Activism

Feminist groups (not husbands) oppose default shared parenting legislation

United States 1986 NOW National Organization for Women details
449 Patriarchy

80% of requests for gender-specific invitro fertilization are for girls

Australia 2013 Baby sex-selection tours increasingly popular with Australian couples using IVF Queensland Fertility Group details
450 Parenthood

Mothers are more likely than fathers to be responsible for physical abuse (49% vs. 40% of incidents)

United Kingdom 2000 Child Maltreatment in the United Kingdom: a Study of the Prevalence of Abuse and Neglect, p. 8 NSPCC details
451 Parenthood

Boys are slightly more likely than girls to experience violent treatment (i.e. - abuse) by adults at home

United Kingdom 2000 Child Maltreatment in the United Kingdom: a Study of the Prevalence of Abuse and Neglect, p. 8 NSPCC details
452 Income

The "statistic" that boys earn more allowance than girls is, according to the authors of the original study themselves, cannot be considered a representative sample

United States 2014 2014 Teens and Personal Finance Survey Junior Achievement details
453 Economic Power

For years of life beyond male life expectancy, women receive 126% per person of what men receive

United States 2010 Expenses for health care and prescribed medicine, by selected population characteristics: United States, selected years 1987–2010 Center for Disease Control details
454 Economic Power

Insurance plan premiums charged women ~18% more for similar plans, but total healthcare expenditures for women were 30% greater for women than men ($483.7 vs. $372.1 billion; individuals under 65)

United States 2010 Expenses for health care and prescribed medicine, by selected population characteristics: United States, selected years 1987–2010 Center for Disease Control details
455 Economic Power

Insurance plan premiums charged women ~18% more for similar plans, but total healthcare expenditures for women were 21.9% greater for women than men ($222.9 vs. $182.9 billion; individuals 65+)

United States 2010 Expenses for health care and prescribed medicine, by selected population characteristics: United States, selected years 1987–2010 Center for Disease Control details
456 Legal System

Currently, it is not legally possible for a woman to rape a man

Israel 2015 Penal Law 5737-1977, article 345, pp. 100-101 Israel details
457 Violence, Sexual

When a female answers positively to the question "Someone forced me to have sex using physical force," it is coded as "rape." When a male answers positively to the exact same question, it is coded as "physically-forced sex."

Chile 2005 Unwanted Sexual Experiences in Young Men: Evidence from a Survey of University Students in Chile University of Arizona, Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, University of Illinois details
459 Media

Women have far more unrealistic expectations about male attractiveness than men have about female attractiveness

United States 2009 Your Looks and Your Inbox OkCupid details
460 Homelessness

Men are 63.7% of all sheltered homeless persons

United States 2009 The 2009 Annual Homeless Assessment Report, p. 23, , exhibit 3-1 Department of Housing and Urban Development details
461 Education

The boy-girl reading gap in reading grades given by teachers is over 300% larger than the black-white reading gap

United States 2011 Non-cognitive Skills and the Gender Disparities in Test Scores and Teacher Assessments: Evidence from Primary School, p. 3 University of Georgia, Columbia University details
462 Education

The boy-girl reading gap in math and science teacher-given grades is 40 % larger than the corresponding black-white gaps

United States 2011 Non-cognitive Skills and the Gender Disparities in Test Scores and Teacher Assessments: Evidence from Primary School, p. 3 University of Georgia, Columbia University details
463 Marriage

There is little gender gap in total work hours (paid plus unpaid), whether or not secondary activities are included

international 2009 How Long Is the Second (Plus First) Shift? Gender Differences in Paid, Unpaid, and Total Work Time in Australia and the United States details
465 Dimorphism

Gender norms and identites are not purely social constructs

international 2009 Sex differences in sex drive, sociosexuality, and height across 53 nations: testing evolutionary and social structural theories. California State University details
466 Marriage

Currently, it is legally impossible for a woman to be charged with adultery (a charge punishable by up to 5 years in prison and/or a fine)

India 2015 Indian Penal Code India details
467 Divorce

For "no fault" divorce cases, a woman has legal grounds to oppose a grant while a man does not

India 2010 Bill No. XLI of 2010, p. 2 Parliament of India details
471 Feminist Activism

Suzanne Steinmetz and her family received verbal threats (both in public and at home), threatening phone calls, and bomb threats because she was one of the first researchers to bring up "battered husbands." Women's rights activists lobbied to block her from receiving tenure.

United States 1997 Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Abuse: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State, p. 801 Indiana University details
472 Feminist Activism

When CTS methodology was used in studies examining wife abuse, the women's movement had no problem with it. When the same methodology was applied to the Family Violence Research study, the method of measuring violence was attacked.

United States 1993 Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Abuse: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State, p. 803 Indiana University details
477 Legal System

In cases of IPV, when the women called the police the man was threatened with arrest in 10.7% of cases; when the man called the police, the woman was never threatened with arrest

United States 1988 Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Abuse: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State, pp. 831 Indiana University details
478 Legal System

In cases of IPV, when the women called the police the man was threatened with arrest in 28.2% of all "second call" cases; when the man called the police, the woman was never threatened with arrest

United States 1988 Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Abuse: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State, pp. 831 Indiana University details
491 Legal System

Incidents with male victims of IPV were almost twice as likely to be cleared otherwise than by a charge as compared to incidents with female victims (29.0% vs. 15.8%)

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 31 details
490 Violence

Women are twice as fearful for their lives as men given a similar objective probability of death

Canada 1999 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, pp. 19-20 details
493 Legal System

Officers refused to recommend charges against the woman perpetrator of IPV over 3x as often as they did regarding charges against the man (66% vs. 20%)

Canada 1993 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 32 details
494 Legal System

Men nearly 3x more likely to be charged when accused of IPV than women (70.4% vs. 23.6%)

Canada 1992-1996 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 32 details
495 Legal System

Women less likely to be prosecuted than men, even when recommended for charges by the police (16% vs. 6% not prosecuted)

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 37 details
496 Legal System

Male more likely to be charged in IPV cases where only one partner is injured (91.1% vs. 60.2%)

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 51 details
497 Legal System

Male more likely to be charged in IPV cases where both partners are injured (71.0% vs. 34.4%)

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 51 details
498 Legal System

Male more likely to be charged in IPV cases where no one is injured (95.3% of cases)

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 51 details
499 Legal System

In IPV cases, when women were charged with an offense, male victim suffered a majory injury 6.2% of the time; when men were charged, female victim suffered a major injury only 4.4% of the time

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 52 details
500 Legal System

In IPV cases, when women were charged with an offense, male victim received medical attention in 9.0% of incidents; when men were charged, female victim received medical attention in 5.5% of incidents

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 52 details
501 Legal System

In IPV cases, when women were charged with an offense, male victim received minor injury in 73.6% of incidents; when men were charged, female victim received minor injury in 65.7% of incidents

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 52 details
502 Legal System

In IPV cases, man 100% likely to be charged when woman suffers major injury, woman 75% likely to be charged when man suffered major injury

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 53 details
503 Legal System

In IPV cases, man 87.1% likely to be charged when woman suffers minor injury, woman 43.9% likely to be charged when man suffered minor injury

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 53 details
504 Legal System

In IPV cases, man 90.4% likely to be charged when woman is only one to suffer minor injury, woman 57.8% likely to be charged when man is only one to suffer minor injury

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, pp. 53-54 details
505 Legal System

In IPV cases, man 53.4% likely to be charged when woman suffered no injury, woman 2.2% likely to be charged when man suffers no injury

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 54 details
506 Legal System

Women who injured their partners more than 2x as likely to benefit from an by law enforcement excuse not to lay a charge than men who injured their partners (28.4% vs. 12.0%)

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 56 details
507 Legal System

In IPV cases, when man is only one injured, neither party is charged in 29.6% of cases; when only woman is injured, neither party is charged in 8.6% of cases

Canada 2000 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 61 details
509 Legal System

In IPV cases, 40.7% of cases wherein a man was charged with common assault when no injury had been inflicted upon their partners; for women, 26.2%

Canada 2001 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 82 details
510 Legal System

In IPV cases, men who were charged were 50% more likely than women who were charged to be taken into custody (60% vs. 40%)

Canada 2001 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 83 details
511 Legal System

In IPV cases, women who were charged in medium- and high-injury cases were less likely to be taken into custody (50.0%) than men who were charged in NO-INJURY cases (54.2%)

Canada 2001 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, pp. 84-85 details
512 Legal System

In IPV cases, being male is more likely to result in receiving a more severe penalty on a plea bargain than any other factor, including the level of injury to the victim

Canada 2001 Gender as a Factor in the Response of the law-Enforcement System to Violence Against Partners, p. 99 details
336 Sexuality

Though men have historically been in control of the legal system, laws are generally used to control male sexuality, not female sexuality

United States 1988 Cultural Suppression of Female Sexuality, p. 193 Case Western Reserve University, San Diego State University details
513 Education

In surveys of 10,320 college students across 38 sites and 20 countries, there was greater Gender Hostility toward men than toward women

international 2007 Predictors of Sexual Coercion Against Women and Men: A Multilevel, Multinational Study of University Students, pp. 409, 411, 413 Clark University details
514 Violence, Sexual

College men and women reported equal rates of Coercive Sexual Activity victimization (30% vs. 32%)

international 2007 Predictors of Sexual Coercion Against Women and Men: A Multilevel, Multinational Study of University Students, pp. 412, 414 Clark University details
515 Violence, Sexual

College men sustained forced sex from their current/most recent romantic partner more than college women (3.0% vs. 2.3%)

international 2007 Predictors of Sexual Coercion Against Women and Men: A Multilevel, Multinational Study of University Students, pp. 412, 414 Clark University details
516 Violence, Sexual

College men and women reported equal rates of verbal sexual coercion (22.0% vs. 25%)

international 2007 Predictors of Sexual Coercion Against Women and Men: A Multilevel, Multinational Study of University Students, pp. 412, 414 Clark University details
517 Violence, Sexual

College men more than college women were threatened into having oral/anal sex (1.9% vs. 1.7%) and vaginal sex (1.9% vs. 1.8%)

international 2007 Predictors of Sexual Coercion Against Women and Men: A Multilevel, Multinational Study of University Students, pp. 412, 414 Clark University details
518 Violence, Sexual

Among minor-aged (12-18) street-involved kids, males are more sexually exploited (33% vs. 24% in 2000; 34% vs. 27% in 2006)

Canada 2006 It's Not What You Think: Sexually Exploited Youth in British Columbia, pp. 6, 19 University of British Columbia details
519 Violence, Sexual

Half of street-involved youth were Sexually Exploited by females

Canada 2008 It's Not What You Think: Sexually Exploited Youth in British Columbia, p. 6 University of British Columbia details
520 Violence, Sexual

Among street-involved kids, males and females are equally likely to be sexually exploited

Canada 2008 It's Not What You Think: Sexually Exploited Youth in British Columbia, pp. 19, 28 University of British Columbia details
521 Violence, Sexual

Among street-involved kids, more than 3 out of 4 males were sexually exploited by women (79%)

Canada 2008 It's Not What You Think: Sexually Exploited Youth in British Columbia, p. 30 University of British Columbia details
522 Incarceration

Male:female sex ratios among persons held behind bars:
1860-1910 = 6:1
1970 = 40:1
2015 = 20:1

United Kingdom 1750-2010 Composition of Punishment in England and Wales since 1750 United Kingdom details
523 Feminist Activism

Trauma does not equal PTSD. Only 9.2% of those who experienced trauma (rape, natural disasters, serious accidents, sudden death of loved ones) developed PTSD

United States 2001 The stressor criterion in DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder: an empirical investigation. Henry Ford Health System details
524 Rape Culture

81.9% of sexual assaults occur before the age of 18 years

United States 2012 Influence of predispositions on post-traumatic stress disorder: does it vary by trauma severity? Michigan State University, Department of Veteran's Affairs details
525 Feminist Activism

Of rape victims who develop PTSD, half recover within 3 months of the trauma

United States 2012 A prospective examination of post-traumatic stress disorder in rape victims Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute details
526 Feminist Activism

Effective treatment for PTSD includes (1) exposure, (2) cognitive restructuring, (3) coping skills. Avoidance is not recommended.

United States 2008 Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: An Assessment of the Evidence, p.93 Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice details
527 Feminist Activism

For victims of sexual abuse, the more central their abuse is to their identity, the worse their PTSD symptoms

United States 2011 Trauma centrality and PTSD symptom severity in adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. details
528 False Rape

5.9% of rape cases confirmed false; 44.9% did not proceed

United States 2010 False Allegations of Sexual Assualt: An Analysis of Ten Years of Reported Cases, p. 1330 University of Massachusetts, Northeastern University details
529 False Rape

Confirmed false rape accusations range somewhere between 2.1% and 10.9%

United States 1977-2010 False Allegations of Sexual Assualt: An Analysis of Ten Years of Reported Cases, p. 1330 University of Massachusetts, Northeastern University details
530 Workplace

At start of career, women have greater aspiration than men to reach top management (43% vs. 34%); after 2 years, men's aspirations have stayed the same while womens' drop by nearly 2/3 (43% to 16%)

United States 2014 Everyday Moments of Truth: Frontline managers are key to women’s career aspirations, p. 3 Bain & Company details
531 Workplace

The top 5 employee characteristics for promotion/advancement: willing to take on high-profile projects, willing to put in extra hours (in early, out late), Able to promote own achievements, Adept networker, "Always on"

United States 2014 Everyday Moments of Truth: Frontline managers are key to women’s career aspirations, p. 7 Bain & Company details
532 Workplace

Seeking help is negatively related to perceived competence for male (but not female) leaders

United States 2015 Are male leaders penalized for seeking help? The influence of gender and asking behaviors on competence perceptions Duke University, University of San Diego, University of Pittsburgh details
533 Media

Males are considered "unworthy" victims: un(der)reported in news outlets, suffering minimized, ignored, or sanitized

United States 2001 Effacing the Male: Gender, Misrepresentation, and Exclusion in the Kosovo War University of British Columbia details
534 Violence, Sexual

Both men and women (38.8% vs. 47.9% pressured into a range of sexual activity: kissing, cuddling, fondling, oral sex, intecourse)

Canada 2007 Characteristics of male and female victims of sexual coercion, p. 31 University of Guelph details
535 Violence, Sexual

No significant gender difference in men and women who reported being sexually coerced when intoxicated

Canada 2007 Characteristics of male and female victims of sexual coercion, pp. 36-37 University of Guelph details
536 Violence, Sexual

No significant gender difference in men and women in either coerced oral sex or coerced intercourse

Canada 2007 Characteristics of male and female victims of sexual coercion, p. 36 University of Guelph details
537 Legal System

Courts may admit evidence of the defendant's commission of other offense(s); this is not true of the accusor (see Item #400)

United States 2015 Federal Rule of Evidence 413 United States of America details
538 Divorce

Courts have financial and performance incentives to increase frequency of child support rulings, increase amount of child support rulings, custody arrangements which require mediation for access/visitation, and other such conflicts of interest

United States 2015 US CODE TITLE 42 > CHAPTER 7 > SUBCHAPTER IV > Part D United States of America details
539 Legal System

Currently, it is not legally possible for a woman to rape a man

United Kingdom 2015 Sexual Offences Act 2003, Part I, Sections 1-4 United Kingdom details
540 Genital Mutilation

Rates of unanesthetized circumcisions by practitioner type: Pediatrician (29%), Family practitioner (44%), Obstetrician (75%)

United States 1998 Circumcision practice patterns in the United States HealthPartners Medical Group details
541 Genital Mutilation

Circumcision has no statistically significant protective effect in the prevention of HIV transmission

South Africa 2008 Male circumcision and its relationship to HIV infection in South Africa: results of a national survey in 2002 Medical Research Council details
542 Genital Mutilation

The American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend routine neonatal circumcision

United States 1999 Circumcision Policy Statement American Academy of Pediatrics details
543 Genital Mutilation

"Parental preference alone is not sufficient justification for performing a surgical procedure [circumcision] on a child."

United Kingdom 2006 The law & ethics of male circumcision - guidance for doctors British Medical Association details
544 Genital Mutilation

"The frequency of diseases modifiable by circumcision, the level of protection offered by circumcision and the complication rates of circumcision do not warrant routine infant circumcision."

Australia 2010 Circumcision of Male Infants The Royal Australasian College of Physicians details
545 Genital Mutilation

"Circumcision of newborns should not be routinely performed."

Canada 1996 Neonatal circumcision revisited The Canadian Paediatric Society details
546 Genital Mutilation

"There is no convincing evidence that circumcision is useful or necessary in terms of prevention or hygiene... circumcision entails the risk of medical and psychological complications... Non-therapeutic circumcision of male minors conflicts with the child's right to autonomy and physical integrity."

Netherlands 2010 Non-therapeutic circumcision of male minors The Royal Dutch Medical Association details
547 Dimorphism

Men and women only have 10-24% overlap of personality characteristics

United States 2012 The Distance Between Mars and Venus: Measuring Global Sex Differences in Personality University of Turin, University of Manchester details
548 Education

67.6% of Pell grants since 2009 have gone to women

United States 2012 Keeping America's Women Moving Forward United States of America details
549 Dimorphism

Women have more empathy and higher altruistic values; men have more altruistic love (i.e. - sacrifice/selflessness)

United States 2006 Altruism and Empathy in America: Trends and Correlates, pp. 13-14 University of Chicago details
550 Violence

Women have a hightened sense of fear of violent crime despite less objective risk (and a low "perceived likelihood that they would happen")

United States 2003 Women's and Men's Fear of Gang Crimes: Sexual and Nonsexual Assault as Perceptually Contemporaneous Offenses, pp. 338-340, 352, 363 University of Florida, University of California details
551 Violence, Sexual

Fear of sexual violence affects both women and men (1-5% variance vs. 1-2% variance)

United States 2003 Women's and Men's Fear of Gang Crimes: Sexual and Nonsexual Assault as Perceptually Contemporaneous Offenses, pp. 359-364 University of Florida, University of California details
552 Violence

In examining who is afraid of crime and why, virtually every study has come up with the conclusion that women and the elderly fear crime the most, and this fear is not justified by their victimization rate.

Canada 1999 Fear of Crime The John Howard Society of Alberta details
553 Workplace

STEM majors have been at 50% female for more than a decade

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 75 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
554 Workplace

Men and women have equivalent access to tenure-track academic jobs in science and math, they persist and are remunerated at comparable rates, and fare at least as well as their male counterparts in employment offers

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 75 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
555 Workplace

Women are equally likely to be presidents, provosts, and chancellors at universities (1.2% vs. 1.2%)

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 83 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
556 Education

By 2011, women in GEEMP fields (geoscience, engineering, economics, mathematics/computer science, and the physical sciences) are as likely as men to advance from a baccalaureate degree to a PhD and then to advance to a tenure-track assistant professorship.

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 83 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
557 Education

Female AP students outnumber male AP students (55% vs. 45%)

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 93 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
558 Education

Womens' comparative advantage between reading/English vs. math/science explains 85% of the STEM gap

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 95 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
559 Education

Of high school senior girls and boys who intend a STEM/MD occupation in the future, fewer females actually declared a STEM/MD major than males (50.0% vs. 66.5%)

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 95 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
560 Education

Of high school senior girls and boys who intend a science/enghineering major in the future, fewer females actually pursued a science/engineering major than males (16.0% vs. 28.5%)

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 96 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
561 Education

Although far more men than women (28.1% vs. 16.0%) entered college intending to major in science and engineering more men dropped a science major during college, so that by the end, the ratio of male to female majors in this particular college had fallen from 1.76:1 to the insignificantly different 1.08:1

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, pp. 97-98 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
562 Education

Females attach greater importance to getting high grades than do males and are therefore more likely to drop courses in which their grades may be lower - the so-called “fear of B-.”

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 98 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
563 Education

When grades held constant, gender not a significant predictor of persistence in engineering and biology

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 98 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
564 Education

Women and men are equally likely to proceed to a higher degree in science/engineering within 2-3 years of receipt of bachelor's degree

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 99 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
565 Workplace

Among 30-35 year-old college STEM majors, if Health Practitioners and Educators involved in the STEM fields in some way are included, the proportions of men and women involved in science in their careers is close to equal (51.2% vs. 45.2%)

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 99 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
566 Workplace

Female applicants for tenure-track positions are invited to interview and offered jobs at rates higher than their fraction of the applicant pool - the opposite of the bias claim - in all 6 STEM disciplines studied

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, pp. 100-101 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
567 Workplace

In the most common demographic group - unmarried without children - females were 16% more likely to get tenure-track jobs than were males.

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 101 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
568 Workplace

In tenure position hiring in 19 STEM fields, 2.03% of male applicants were hired compared with 4.28% of females

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 101 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
569 Workplace

The female superiority in tenure track hiring outcomes is not due to objectively higher female quality. These experimental findings are compatible with the hiring data showing gender neutrality or even a female preference in actual hiring.

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 102 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
570 Workplace

The number of publications increases the academic promotion to full professorship of women considerably more than it does that of men

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, p. 103 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
571 Workplace

For two decades, male and female academics have similar journal-acceptance rates, grant-funding rates, and citations-per-article

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, pp. 111-115 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
572 Workplace

There is no significant sex difference in promotion to tenure and full prfessor in the GEEMP fields

United States 2014 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, pp. 115-116 Cornell University, University of Kansas, Boston University details
573 Education

Girls in gradeschool receive positive discrimination in math

France 2015 Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, pp. 115-116 London School of Economics details
574 Violence, Sexual

21% of inmates pressured or forced to have sexual contact; 7% raped

United States 2000 No Escape: Male Rape in US Prisons Human Rights Watch details
575 Violence, Sexual

22% of male inmates pressured or forced to have sexual contact; >11% raped

United States 1996 No Escape: Male Rape in US Prisons Human Rights Watch details
576 Violence, Sexual

According to inmates, roughly 1/3 coerced into participation in inmate-on-inmate sex

United States 1996-1999 No Escape: Male Rape in US Prisons Human Rights Watch details
577 Violence, Sexual

4.5% of prisoners sexually abused at least once in prior 12 months

United States 2007 National Prison Rape Elimination Commission Report, p. 4 National Institute of Corrections details
578 Violence, Sexual

64% of sexually abused minors in juvenile detention facilities are boys

United States 2006 National Prison Rape Elimination Commission Report, p. 17 National Institute of Corrections details
579 Violence, Sexual

4.0% of prison inmates, 3.2% of jail inmates sexually abused at least once in prior 12 months

United States 2012 Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2011–12, p. 6 Department of Justice details
580 Violence, Sexual

Only 5.8% of prisons and 9.5% of jails reported no incidents of sexual victimization in prior 12 months

United States 2012 Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2011–12, p. 6 Department of Justice details
581 Income

When there is no explicit statement that wages are negotiable, men are more likely to negotiate than women; men prefer job environments where the "rules of wage determination" are ambiguous

United States 2012 Do Women Avoid Salary Negotiations? Evidence from a Large Scale Natural Field Experiment National Bureau of Economic Research details
582 Income

Men nearly 3x more likely to have 41+ hour workweeks (41% vs. 14%; full-time workers)

United States 2009 Highlights of Women's Earnings in 2009, p. 2 Department of Labor details
583 Income

Women 2.6x more likely to have 35-39 hour workweeks (13% vs. 5%; full-time workers)

United States 2009 Highlights of Women's Earnings in 2009, p. 2 Department of Labor details
584 Violence

In 11 out of 13 states (85%), boys are physically abused more than girls

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.45 Government of India details
585 Violence

In 11 out of 13 states (85%), boys are physically abused in multiple contexts (by parents, by non-parents, at school, at other institutions) more often than girls

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.47 Government of India details
586 Parenthood

Within family contexts, boys are physically abused 12% more freqently than girls (52.91% vs. 47.09%)

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.50 Government of India details
587 Education

Within educational contexts, boys 'receive corporal punishment' 19% more frequently than girls (54.28% vs. 45.72%)

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.52 Government of India details
588 Violence

Of children in need of care and protection who go into children's homes and shelter homes, boys are physically abused 70% more often than girls (66.18% vs. 38.92%)

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.55 Government of India details
589 Violence, Sexual

Boys are sexually abused 23% more often than girls (48% vs. 39%)

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.74 Government of India details
590 Violence, Sexual

In 9 out of 13 states (69%), boys are sexually abused more than girls

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.75 Government of India details
591 Violence, Sexual

Boys are victims of severe forms of sexual abuse (sexual assault, making the child fondle private parts, making the child exhibit private body parts and being photographed in the nude) 34% more often than girls (57.3% vs. 42.7%)

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.75 Government of India details
592 Violence, Sexual

In 9 out of 13 states (69%), boys are sexually abused in multiple contexts (by parents, by non-parents, at school, at other institutions) more often than girls

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p.77 Government of India details
593 Violence, Sexual

Of sub-categories of sexual violence, boys are victimized more than girls in 6 out of 9 categories

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, pp. 80-95 Government of India details
594 Violence

Boys are emotionally abused as often as girls (49.99% vs. 50.01%)

India 2007 Study on Child Abuse: India 2007, p. 106 Government of India details
595 Violence, Intimate Partner

While husband-to-wife violence declined (121 to 113 per 1000, a ), wife-to husband violence increased (116 to 121 per 1000)

United States of America 1975-1985 Societal Change and Change in Family Violence from 1975 to 1985 As Revealed by Two National Surveys, p. 470 University of New Hampshire, University of Rhode Island details
596 Violence, Intimate Partner

The vast majority of female-to-male IPV incidents have little to do with self-defense or preemptive strikes

Australia 2004 Deconstructing Self-Defense in Wife-to-Husband Violence Charles Sturt University details
597 Violence, Intimate Partner

For female prepetrators of IPV who claim self-defense, 87% change their story when told that relatives/witnesses related different accounts

Australia 2004 Deconstructing Self-Defense in Wife-to-Husband Violence, p. 290 Charles Sturt University details
598 Sexuality

Women shame and isolate (exhibit 'indirect aggression' toward) other women on the basis of degree/demonstration of sexuality

Canada 2011 Intolerance of sexy peers: intrasexual competition among women University of Ottawa details
599 Violence, Sexual

1/3 of self-reported sexual assault victims are male (15 vs. 34 per 1000)

Canada 2009 Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse and Assault: Their Experiences, p. 3 Department of Justice details
600 Violence, Sexual

Only 3 organizations in the country dedicated to providing services to male survivors of sexual assault

Canada 2008 Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse and Assault: Their Experiences, p. 6 Department of Justice details
601 Legal System

Murderers who kill male victims receive shorter sentences than those who kill black victims (40.6% vs. 26.8% reduction in sentences)

United States of America 2000 The Determinants of Punishment: Deterrence, Incapacitation and Vengeance, pp. 9, 12-13, Tables 4a-4b Harvard Institute of Economic Research details
602 Legal System

Among vehicular homicides, drivers who kill women get 56% longer sentences. Drivers who kill blacks get 53% shorter sentences.

United States of America 2000 The Determinants of Punishment: Deterrence, Incapacitation and Vengeance, pp. 1, 13, Tables 4c-4d Harvard Institute of Economic Research details
603 Dimorphism

Male baby chimpanzees have significantly more adult male social partners than baby female chimpanzees; there is no difference between the genders in adult female social partners

international 2014 Boys will be boys: sex differences in wild infant chimpanzee social interactions Franklin & Marshall College, Lincoln Park Zoo, The George Washington University, University of Chicago, the Jane Goodall Institute details
604 Dimorphism

Young female chimpanzees use sticks to facilitate play-mothering, which lasts until motherhood; young male chimpanzees do not exhibit such behavior

international 2010 Sex differences in chimpanzees' use of sticks as play objects resemble those of children Bates College, Harvard University details
605 Media

Men are portrayed unfavorably in the media 5.75x more frequently than favorably (69% unfavorable, 19% neutral/balanced, 12% favorable)

international 2006 Media and Male Identity: The Making and Remaking of Men University of Western Sydney details
606 Media

>75% of representations of men/male identity in mass media show men as one of the following: villains, aggressors, perverts, philanderers

international 2006 Media and Male Identity: The Making and Remaking of Men University of Western Sydney details
607 Media

When men/boys are protrayed in the media as sensitive, emotional, or caring, these behaviors are described as their 'feminine side'

international 2006 Media and Male Identity: The Making and Remaking of Men University of Western Sydney details
608 Media

By 1990, the mother figure in sitcoms made fun of the father figure more >2x more (176 vs. 81) than the father made fun of the mother

United States 2001 From Wise to Foolish: The Portrayal of the Sitcom Father, 1950s-1990s, p. 34 University of Massachusetts - Amherst details
609 Media

Only 15% of prime time programs portray fathers as central figures. Of these, only 40% depict fathers as a positive role model.

United States 1998 A Good Television Dad Is Hard to Find National Fatherhood Initiative details
610 Media

Dads 8x more likely to be portrayed in a negative light when compared to moms

United States 2007 Media and the State of Fatherhood National Fatherhood Initiative details
611 Media

Children believe that men on television are usually portrayed as violent and angry (72% and 69% of the time, respectively)

United States 1999 Boys to Men: Entertainment Media. Messages About Masculinity: A National Poll of Children, Focus Groups, and Content Analysis of Entertainment Media details
612 False Rape

53% of rape allegations are demonstrably false

India 2014 Women's panel claims over HALF the rape cases registered in past year were false allegations Delhi Commission for Women details
613 False Rape

Demonstrably false rape allegations rose by 71% from 2013 to 2014

India 2014 Women's panel claims over HALF the rape cases registered in past year were false allegations Delhi Commission for Women details
614 Parenthood

>18% of all father-only families are poor, and almost half of these have incomes that <50% of the poverty line

United States 1993 Myths about custodial fathers University of Wisconsin - Madison details
615 Divorce

Women initiate the majority of divorces

United States 2004 He Left, She Left: Gains to Marriage, Relative Resources, and Divorce Initiation, p. 4 Stanford University, Ohio State University, University of Pennsylvania details
616 Divorce

~70% of divorce filings are initiated by women

United Kingdom 2000 The Consequences of Female Empowerment for Child Well-Being: A Review of Concepts, Issues, and Evidence in a Post-Cairo Context, p. 171 University of York details
617 Divorce

Divorce is more likely when men's earnings are lower or declining

United States 2000 He Left, She Left: Gains to Marriage, Relative Resources, and Divorce Initiation, p. 8 Stanford University, Ohio State University, University of Pennsylvania details
618 Mortality

Death rates from violence-related injuries is 4.1x greater for men ages 75+ than for women (36.46 vs. 8.96 per 100k)

United States 2010 Fatal Injury Reports, National and Regional, 1999 - 2013 United States Government details
619 Mortality

Death rates from violence-related injuries is 7x greater for men than for women women (38.12 vs. 5.43 per 100k)

United States 2010 Fatal Injury Reports, National and Regional, 1999 - 2013 United States Government details
620 Mortality

Accidental death rates are 2.2x greater for men than for women (63.32 vs. 35.4 per 100k)

United States 2010 Fatal Injury Reports, National and Regional, 1999 - 2013 United States Government details
621 Violence, Intimate Partner

The first helpline for male victims of IPV - DAHM - only opened in 2000 (it is now closed)

United States 2007 Characteristics of Callers to the Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men, p. 64 University of Massachusetts - Lowell, DAHM, Family Interventions Project details
622 Violence, Intimate Partner

Male IPV victims received less than 0.05% of emergency shelter or transitional housing assistance

United States 2006 Domestic Violence Counts, Appendix 4: Communities and Individuals Served National Network to End Domestic Violence details
623 Violence, Intimate Partner

Only 8% of victims of IPV served through federal domestic violence grant programs are men

United States 2010 2010 Biennial Report to Congress on the Effectiveness of Grant Programs Under the Violence Against Women Act, p. 14 Department of Justice details
624 Violence, Intimate Partner

36% of victims of IPV are male

United States 2000 Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey, p. 9 Department of Justice details
625 Violence, Intimate Partner

53% of victims of IPV are male

United States 2012 US National Survey: more men than women victims of intimate partner violence University of Phoenix details
626 Income

Gender pay gap is 2.7% when compensable factors (industry, experience, education, hours worked and location) taken into account

United States 2015 Inside the Gender Pay Gap Payscale.com details
627 Income

At individual contributor level, pay gap is 2.2% when compensable factors taken in to account.

United States 2015 Inside the Gender Pay Gap Payscale.com details
628 Income

The wage gap doesn't exist for single, childless men and women who say that they never prioritize family over work

United States 2015 Inside the Gender Pay Gap Payscale.com details
629 Workplace

Women make up 48% of managers/supervisors, 49% of directors, and 57% of individual contributors

United States 2015 Inside the Gender Pay Gap Payscale.com details
630 Income

The controlled income gap is smaller in the tech industry than in general (1-2% vs. 2-5%)

United States 2015 Inside the Gender Pay Gap Payscale.com details
631 Violence, Sexual

59% of men convicted of raping women were sexually molested by a woman when between the ages of 4-16. 14% of the convicts had been molested by 2+ females.

United States 1984 Heterosexual Molestation of Children Who Later Became Rapists California School of Professional Psychology - Fresno details
632 Income

The median CEO compensation package is greater for women than it is for men ($15.9 vs. $10.4)

United States 2015 Equilar/Associated Press Pay Study Equilar details
633 Violence

94.8% of victims of police shootings are male

United States 2015 Fatal police shootings in 2015 approaching 400 nationwide Washington Post details
634 Incarceration

93.3% of federal inmates are male (191,321 vs. 13,699)

United States 2015 Inmate Gender United States Government details
635 Education

For all years for which there is data, women have high school degrees at a higher rate than men

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
636 Education

Since 1995, women have received Bachelor's degrees at a higher rate than men

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
637 Education

Since 2000, women have received Masters+ degrees at a higher rate than men

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
638 Education

Women are 20% more likely to have a Bachelor's+ degree than men (37.2% vs. 30.9%)

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
639 Education

Women are 58% more likely to have a Master's+ degree than men (9.3% vs. 5.9%)

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
640 Education

Among blacks, women are 14% more likely to have a Bachelor's+ degree than men (23.8% vs. 20.8%)

United States 2012 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
641 Education

Among blacks, women are 163% more likely to have a Master's+ degree than men (7.1% vs. 2.7%)

United States 2012 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
642 Education

Among hispanics, women are 7% more likely to have a High School+ degree than men (77.4% vs. 72.4%)

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
643 Education

Among hispanics, women are 48% more likely to have a Bachelor's+ degree than men (18.3% vs. 12.4%)

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
644 Education

Among hispanics, women are 64% more likely to have a Master's+ degree than men (3.6% vs. 2.2%)

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
645 Education

Among asians/pacific islanders, women are 13% more likely to have a Bachelor's+ degree than men (64.3% vs. 56.9%)

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
646 Education

Among asians/pacific islanders, women are 24% more likely to have a Master's+ degree than men (19.7% vs. 15.9%)

United States 2015 Digest of Education Statistics; Table 104.20.Percentage of persons 25 to 29 years old with selected levels of educational attainment, by race/ethnicity and sex: Selected years, 1920 through 2014 National Center for Education Statistics details
647 Genital Mutilation

HIV prevention should not be used as a reason to circumcise

South Africa 2011 Circumcision of Babies for Proposed HIV Prevention The South African Medical Association details
648 Genital Mutilation

Circumcised men have age-adjusted alexithymia scores 19.9% higher than the intact men

Canada 2011 Alexithymia and Circumcision Trauma: A Preliminary Investigation, p. 184 Michigan State University details
649 Genital Mutilation

Circumcised men 57% more likely to have high alexithymia score

Canada 2011 Alexithymia and Circumcision Trauma: A Preliminary Investigation, p. 184 Michigan State University details
650 Genital Mutilation

Circumcised men 4.3x more likely to use an erectile dysfunction drug

Canada 2011 Alexithymia and Circumcision Trauma: A Preliminary Investigation, p. 184 Michigan State University details
651 Genital Mutilation

There is insufficient evidence to support an interventional effect of male circumcision on HIV acquisition in heterosexual men

Canada 2003 Male Circumcision for Prevention of Heterosexual Acquisition of HIV in Men details
652 Genital Mutilation

Among men circumcised in adulthood, 48% experienced a decrease in masturbatory pleasure

South Korea 2006 The effect of male circumcision on sexuality Seoul National University, Chung-Ang University details
653 Genital Mutilation

Among men circumcised in adulthood, 20% had worsened sex lives

South Korea 2006 The effect of male circumcision on sexuality Seoul National University, Chung-Ang University details
654 Genital Mutilation

Among men circumcised in adulthood, 63% experienced an increase in masturbatory difficulty

South Korea 2006 The effect of male circumcision on sexuality Seoul National University, Chung-Ang University details
679 Patriarchy

Construals of maleness are framed more stereotypically than are construals of femaleness (i.e. - men are forced to live up to stereotypes more than women are)

United States 1990 Are People's Notions of Maleness More Stereotypically Framed Than Their Notions of Femaleness?, pp. 197-198 University of Oregon details
680 Patriarchy

Women use social stereotypes for men but not for other women

United States 1990 Are People's Notions of Maleness More Stereotypically Framed Than Their Notions of Femaleness?, p. 209 University of Oregon details
681 Patriarchy

Men's ideal version of maleness directly reflects women's concept of how society views males

United States 1990 Are People's Notions of Maleness More Stereotypically Framed Than Their Notions of Femaleness?, pp. 197-198, 201 University of Oregon details
682 Sexuality

Both women and men react more negatively to males' female-typed traits than to females' male-typed traits

United States 1990 Are People's Notions of Maleness More Stereotypically Framed Than Their Notions of Femaleness?, p. 198 University of Oregon details
683 Sexuality

Both men and women have a more stereotypical view of the "ideal male physique" than that of the "ideal female physique"

United States 1990 Are People's Notions of Maleness More Stereotypically Framed Than Their Notions of Femaleness?, p. 210 University of Oregon details
655 Patriarchy

Women had the explicit right to vote since 1790 (the implicit right to vote since 1776) in New Jersey

United States 1797 An Act to regulate the Election of Members of the Legislative-Council and the General Assembly, Sheriffs and Coroners, in this State State of New Jersey details
656 Patriarchy

Universal suffrage was not an issue that the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention was prepared to take a stance on. When it was brought up, nearly half of these 1st wave feminists were against it.

United States 1897 Legal Status of Women details
657 Patriarchy

The first attempt to give women the vote occurred a year before the first women's group to support universal suffrage - the Toronto Women's Literary League - was formed

Canada 1885 The Canadian Citizenship Debates: the Franchise Act of 1885 details
658 Suicide

Female suicide rates remained consistent while male suicide rates demonstrate "sharp fluctuations with the peaks coinciding with times of high unemployment"

Australia 1993 Suicide and unemployment in Australia 1907-1990 University of Sydney details
659 Suicide

Generally, male suicide rates increase with markers of economic adversity, while the opposite pattern is seen in females

Australia 2006 The effect of macroeconomic variables on suicide University of Melbourne details
660 Suicide

Female suicides are only weakly related or unrelated to economic fluctuations, but male suicides escalate countercyclically during economic downturns.

Spain 2005 Recessions and Mortality in Spain, 1980–1997 Drexel University details
661 Suicide

Divorced/separated men (but not single/widowed men) are >2x more likely to commit suicide than married men. Among women, there are no statistically significant differentials in the risk of suicide by marital status categories.

United States 2000 Marital Status and Suicide in the National Longitudinal Mortality Study University of California, Riverside details
666 Divorce

In families undergoing custody disputes in the court, 21% of women made allegations of physical child abuse against their husbands, 23% of sexual child abuse, and 55% of IPV. Only 6%, 6%, and 41% of the accusations, respectively, were substantiated by the courts.

United States 2005 Allegations and substantiations of abuse in custody-disputing families San Jose State University details
667 Health

In the 11-16 age, boys are 3x more likely than girls to be prescribed ADHD medication (3.6% vs. 1.2%)

Norway 2012 Føreskriving av legemiddel mot AD/HD 2004 – 08 University of Bergen details
670 Violence, Digital

Women and men are stalked/harassed online in roughly equal amounts (13% vs. 11%)

United States 2013 Internet & American Life Project, July 2013, p. 94 PEW details
671 Violence, Digital

Women and men have had their reputation damaged by online activity in roughly equal amounts (6% vs. 7%)

United States 2013 Internet & American Life Project, April 2013, p. 97 PEW details
672 Violence, Digital

Women and men have online activity that later led to possible physical danger in roughly equal amounts (5% vs. 3%)

United States 2013 Internet & American Life Project, April 2013, p. 98 PEW details
673 Violence, Digital

Women are roughly as likely as men to use words commonly attributed to misogyny (e.g. "slut," "whore")

United Kingdom 2014 Misogyny on Twitter, p. 11, Fig. 6 Demos details
674 Violence, Digital

Only 18% of instances of words most commonly attributed to misogyny (e.g. - "slut," "whore") were actually attributed to general mysogyny

United Kingdom 2014 Misogyny on Twitter, p. 10 Demos details
675 Violence, Digital

Men are 19% more likely to experience some kind of online harassment than women (44% vs. 37%)

United States 2014 Online Harassment PEW details
676 Violence, Digital

Among online harassment victims, women are more likely to be 'sexually harassed' or 'stalked,' men are more likely to be 'harassed for a sustained period' or 'physically threatened'

United States 2014 Online Harassment PEW details
677 Violence

In workhouses, it was illegal to inflict corporal punishment on adults and female children. The only class of human that could be legally corporally punished was male children.

United Kingdom 1855 The Parish Officer... details
678 Parenthood

Parents punish boys more (and more quickly) than they do girls

United States 1985 A Cautionary Note: Parents' Socialization of Boys and Girls, p. 473 University of Oregon details
684 Mental Health

Men are 2x more likely to binge drink in a given time period than women

United States 2014 Excessive Alcohol Use and Risks to Men's Health Department of Health & Human Services details
685 Mental Health

Men binge drink 4.6x more often than women

United States 2014 Excessive Alcohol Use and Risks to Men's Health Department of Health & Human Services details
686 Mental Health

Men are >2x more likely meet criteria for alcohol dependence at some point in their lives (17% vs. 8%)

United States 2014 Excessive Alcohol Use and Risks to Men's Health Department of Health & Human Services details
687 Mortality

Men consistently have higher rates of alcohol-related deaths and hospitalizations than women

United States 2014 Excessive Alcohol Use and Risks to Men's Health Department of Health & Human Services details
688 Suicide

74% of suicides who showed showed clear post-mortem evidence of long-term alcohol misuse were men

Finland 2005 Chronic alcohol problems among suicide attempters--post-mortem findings of a 14-year follow-up. National Public Health Institute details
689 Mental Health

Men are 80% more likely to have used elicit drugs in the past month (8.1% vs. 4.5%)

United States 1999 Gender Differences in Prevalence of Drug Abuse Traced to Opportunities to Use National Institute on Drug Abuse details
690 Mortality

Men are >3x as likely to be homicide victims than women (77% vs. 23%)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 3 Department of Justice details
691 Violence

A man is >3x as likely to kill another man than to kill a woman (67.8% vs. 21.0% of all homicides)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 9 Department of Justice details
692 Violence

A woman is >4x as likely to kill a man than to kill another woman (9.0% vs. 2.2% of all homicides)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 9 Department of Justice details
693 Violence

A man is 4.7x as likely to be killed by a gun than is a woman (82.6 vs. 17.4%)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 10 Department of Justice details
694 Violence

A man is 81% more likely to be the victim in a multiple-victim homicide (e.g. - mass shooting) than a woman (64.4% vs. 35.6%)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 10 Department of Justice details
695 Violence

A man is 4x as likely to be the victim in a workplace homicide than a woman (79.1% vs. 20.9%)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 10 Department of Justice details
696 Violence

A man is >2x as likely to be the victim of homicide by a stranger than a woman (25.5% vs. 11.9%)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 10 Department of Justice details
697 Violence

A man is >2x as likely to be the victim of homicide by a stranger than a woman (25.5% vs. 11.9%)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 10 Department of Justice details
698 Violence

A man is 2x as likely to be the victim of homicide by a non-famly memeber than a woman (81,9% vs. 41.8%)

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 10 Department of Justice details
699 Violence

Fathers are significantly more likely to be killed by their children than are mothers

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 22 Department of Justice details
700 Violence

Brothers are significantly more likely to be killed by a sibling than are sisters

United States 2010 Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, p. 22 Department of Justice details
701 Marriage

Women are nearly 3x as likely to cheat on a partner than men (25% vs. 9%)

United Kingdom 2011 Women are now more likely to cheat than men, a survey reveals Coffee & Company details
702 Marriage

Women are ~2x as likely to try to sleep with a married/committed man than vice versa

United Kingdom 2011 Women are now more likely to cheat than men, a survey reveals Coffee & Company details
703 Marriage

Women are 20% less likely than men to forgive a partner who cheats (12% vs. 15%)

United Kingdom 2011 Women are now more likely to cheat than men, a survey reveals Coffee & Company details
704 Dimorphism

Women cry 2-10 times more frequently than men (2.5-5.0 times/month vs. 0.5-1.5 times/month)

international 2004 Emotional Expression and Health: Advances in Theory, Assessment, and Critical Applications details
705 Dimorphism

Gender differences in crying proneness are larger in wealthier, more democratic, and feminine countries (i.e. - freer & less "patriarchal" countries)

international 2011 Culture and Crying: Prevalences and Gender Differences Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, Tilburg University, North-West University details
706 Dimorphism

Testosterone injections in various species of animal lowers incidence of crying

international 2001 Adult Crying: a Biophycosocial Approach, p. 100 details
707 Economic Power

Women will control 2/3 of the consumer wealth in the U.S. over the next decade

United States 2013 U.S. Women Control the Purse Strings Fleishman-Hillard Inc. details
708 Economic Power

Women will be the beneficiaries of the largest transference of wealth in U.S. history

United States 2013 U.S. Women Control the Purse Strings Fleishman-Hillard Inc. details
709 Economic Power

The only sales channel in which men hold more spending power than women is in Gas/Convenience Store purchases (53% vs. 47%)

United States 2013 U.S. Women Control the Purse Strings Fleishman-Hillard Inc. details
710 Education

Since the 1990s, the persistence rate between Bachelor's Degrees and PhDs in pSTEM has had no gender difference. This is true across all major groups of STEM fields (i.e., engineering, life science, mathematics, and computer science, social science, and physical science).

United States 2015 The bachelor’s to Ph.D. STEM pipeline no longer leaks more women than men: a 30-year analysis, p. Northwestern University, Duke University details
711 Dimorphism

There is a large effect size (d=0.93) on the Things-People dimension, with men prefering to work with things and women prefering to work with people

United States 2009 Men and things, women and people: a meta-analysis of sex differences in interests. University of Illinois at Urbana details
712 Dimorphism

Sex differences in most psychological (and in many physical) traits are larger in cultures with more egalitarian sex role socialization and greater sociopolitical gender equity

international 2014 The evolution of sexuality Bradley University details
713 Mental Health

Men are alexithymic 70% more often than women (17% vs. 10% of population)

Finland 1999 Prevalence of alexithymia and its association with sociodemographic variables in the general population of Finland details
714 Parenthood

Women are the majority of perpetrators of filicide (52% vs. 48%)

Australia 2015 Domestic/family homicide in Australia Institute of Criminology details
715 Marriage

Women are the offender in 23% of IP homicides

Australia 2015 Domestic/family homicide in Australia Institute of Criminology details
716 Dimorphism

Men and women deal with stress differently ("fight or flight" vs. "tend and befriend")

2005 Evolutionary and Biochemical Explanations for a Unique Female Stress Response: Tend-and-Befriend Rochester Institute of Technology details
717 Divorce

In-kind child support - non-cash goods - constitutes 1/4 of total child support, yet is rarely considered in reports on "deadbeat dads"

United States 2015 How Much In-Kind Support Do Low-Income Nonresident Fathers Provide? A Mixed-Method Analysis University of California, Johns Hopkins University details
718 Divorce

Children whose fathers lack stable employment (i.e. - who are unable to make child support payments) or are Black receive a greater proportion of their total support in kind

United States 2015 How Much In-Kind Support Do Low-Income Nonresident Fathers Provide? A Mixed-Method Analysis University of California, Johns Hopkins University details
719 Education

There are 28% more females than males at university (56.2% vs. 43.8%), including graduate studies, first degree studies, and part- time undergraduate studies

United Kingdom 2013 Student Introduction 2012/13 Higher Education Statistics Agency details
721 Education

Women are 10.7% more likely to receive Upper Second class honors than men (51.7% vs. 46.7%) and just as likely to receive First class honors as men (18.3% vs. 18.5%)

United Kingdom 2013 Student Introduction 2012/13 Higher Education Statistics Agency details
722 Education

Men are more likely than women to receive Lower Second (27.6% vs. 24.6%) and Third/Pass (7.2% vs. 5.4%) honors

United Kingdom 2013 Student Introduction 2012/13 Higher Education Statistics Agency details
723 Workplace

Under the age of 30, women make up the significant majority of doctors in the register (61% vs. 39%)

United Kingdom 2013 The state of medical education and practice in the UK, pp. 18, 22 General Medical Counsel details
724 Workplace

From the ages of 30-50, there are roughly an equal number of female and male doctors in the register (46% vs. 54%)

United Kingdom 2013 The state of medical education and practice in the UK, pp. 18, 22 General Medical Counsel details
725 Income

Female specialist doctors 8x more likely to work part-time than their male counterparts (48% vs. 6%)

United Kingdom 2013 The state of medical education and practice in the UK, p. 33 General Medical Counsel details
726 Violence

Young men are more likely to be victims of violence than any other group

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 1 Office for National Statistics details
727 Violence

68% of homicide victims are male

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 1 Office for National Statistics details
729 Violence

62% of victims of violence are male

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 6 Office for National Statistics details
730 Violence

Men over 2x as likely as women to be killed by someone they don't know (46% vs. 22% of homicides)

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 23 Office for National Statistics details
731 Violence

69% of homicide victims are male

United Kingdom 2011 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 26 Office for National Statistics details
732 Violence

68% of homicide victims are male

United Kingdom 2010 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 26 Office for National Statistics details
733 Violence

Male children (ages 5-14) are killed disproportionately high when compared to female children

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 31 Office for National Statistics details
734 Legal System

Females indicted for homicide are 33% more likely to be acquitted or have their proceedings discontinued than male suspects (16% vs. 12%)

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, p. 39 Office for National Statistics details
735 Violence

Men are 37% of lifetime victims of domestic abuse between the ages of 16-59 (~2.9MM of ~7.9MM victims)

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, pp. 62, 65 Office for National Statistics details
736 Violence

In the past 12 months, 40% of the victims of IPV were men

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, pp. 62, 66 Office for National Statistics details
737 Violence, Sexual

Men are 33% more likely to experience serious sexual violence by an acquaintance than women are (48% vs. 36% of incidences)

United Kingdom 2012 Focus on: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2011/12, pp. 62, 66 Office for National Statistics details
738 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage IPV victims, boys are less likely to seek help than girls from any source (including friends, family, parents, and other adults)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 48 NSPCC details
739 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage IPV victims, boys are 49% more likely than girls to never tell anyone about the incident(s) (64% vs. 43% of victims)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 49 NSPCC details
740 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage IPV victims, the majority of boys never tell anyone about the incident(s). This is not true of girls.

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 49 NSPCC details
741 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage IPV victims, same-sex couples are more than 2x as likely to experience some form of physical violence than heterosexual couples (44% vs. 20%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p.54 NSPCC details
742 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage IPV victims, same-sex couples are more than 3x as likely to experience severe physical violence than heterosexual couples (23% vs. 7%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p.54 NSPCC details
743 Violence, Intimate Partner

1 in 5 teenage boys reported some sort of IPV victimhood, as did 1 in 4 teenage girls (18% vs. 25%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p.54 NSPCC details
744 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage victims of emotional IPV, boys are 50% more likely than girls to never tell anyone about the incident(s) (60% vs. 40% of victims)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 61 NSPCC details
745 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage victims of emotional IPV, the majority of boys never tell anyone about the incident(s). This is not true of girls.

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 61 NSPCC details
746 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage victims of emotional IPV, boys are less likely to seek help than girls from any source (including friends, family, parents, and other adults)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 61 NSPCC details
747 Violence, Intimate Partner

As boys grow older, their portion of IPV victimhood population increases.

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 62 NSPCC details
748 Violence, Intimate Partner

The highest incidence rate for teenage emotional IPV victimhood, of any age range or gender, is in boys ages 16+ (68% incidence rate)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 62 NSPCC details
749 Violence, Intimate Partner

The majority of incidences of habitual pressured and/or forced sexual contact and/or sexual intercourse was experienced by boys. Girls are more likely to have these incidents as isolated experiences.

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, pp. 66-67 NSPCC details
750 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage victims of sexual IPV, same-sex couples are 78% more likely to experience some form of sexual victimization than heterosexual couples (41% vs. 23%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 72 NSPCC details
751 Violence, Intimate Partner

Among teenage victims of sexual IPV, same-sex couples are 78% more likely to experience some form of sexual victimization than heterosexual couples (41% vs. 23%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 72 NSPCC details
752 Violence, Intimate Partner

Teenage girls are >3x as likely to use some form physical violence against their partner than are boys (25% vs. 8%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 74 NSPCC details
753 Violence, Intimate Partner

Teenage girls are 2.5x as likely to use extreme physical violence against their partner than are boys (5% vs. 2%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 74 NSPCC details
754 Violence, Intimate Partner

Teenage girls are >2x as likely to use physical force against their partner "often" or "all the time" than are boys

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 74, Table 10 NSPCC details
755 Violence, Intimate Partner

When teenage physical IPV occurs, boys are much more likely than girls to perpetrate as a result of "messing around" (56% vs. 43%), while girls are much more likely than boys to perpetrate for "negative reasons" (read - control, coercion, force, etc.) (45% vs. 33%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 75 NSPCC details
756 Violence, Intimate Partner

30% of IPV admitted to by teenage boys was due to self-defence

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, pp. 75-76 NSPCC details
757 Violence, Intimate Partner

When teenage emotional IPV occurs, boys are much more likely than girls to perpetrate as a result of "messing around" (45% vs. 39%), while girls are much more likely than boys to perpetrate for "negative reasons" (read - control, coercion, force, etc.) (45% vs. 38%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 79 NSPCC details
758 Violence, Intimate Partner

Emotional IPV - the most prevalent form of partner violence young people reported using - is 18% more likely to be used by girls than boys (59% vs. 50% incidence rate)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 78 NSPCC details
759 Violence, Intimate Partner

Teenage girls are >2x as likely than boys to shouting and/or screaming at a partner (31% vs. 14%)

United Kingdom 2009 Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships, p. 78 NSPCC details
760 Violence, Digital

Men get threatened to have their intimate photos exposed online more than women (12% vs. 8%)

United States 2013 Love, Relationships, and Technology McAfee details
761 Violence, Digital

Threats to men to have their intimate photos exposed online are carried out more often than those to women (63% vs. 50%)

United States 2013 Love, Relationships, and Technology McAfee details
762 Mental Health

Boys are 4.5x as likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than girls (1 in 42 vs. 1 in 189)

United States 2010 Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years, p. 1 Department of Health and Human Services details
763 Workplace

Nearly 1/3 (29%; 191) of all MPs are women

United Kingdom 2015 Women in Parliament and Government, pp. 3-4, 6 The House of Commons Library details
764 Workplace

Women make up 26% of General Election candidates

United Kingdom 2015 Women in Parliament and Government, pp. 3, 7 The House of Commons Library details
765 Workplace

Women make up 1/3 (32%; 7/22) of Cabinet Posts

United Kingdom 2015 Women in Parliament and Government, pp. 3, 10 The House of Commons Library details
766 Workplace

Women make up 38% (3 vs. 8) of Ministers who attend Cabinet

United Kingdom 2015 Women in Parliament and Government, p. 3 The House of Commons Library details
767 Workplace

Women make up 34% of Labour's candidates and 43% of its MPs

United Kingdom 2015 Women in Parliament and Government, pp. 3, 7 The House of Commons Library details
768 Workplace

Women make up 26% of Labour's candidates and 21% of its MPs

United Kingdom 2015 Women in Parliament and Government, pp. 3, 7 The House of Commons Library details
668 Violence, Digital

Male celebrities receive Twitter abuse at 3.8x the rate as female celebrities (5.19% vs. 1.37% of tweets)

United Kingdom 2014 Demos: Male celebrities receive more abuse on Twitter than women Demos details
669 Violence, Digital

Male celebrities are more likely to be trolled/abused by men than female celebrities

United Kingdom 2014 Demos: Male celebrities receive more abuse on Twitter than women Demos details
769 Feminist Activism

Rates of rape are inversely correlated with legalization of prostitution

international 2004 Prostitution and Sex Crimes, p. 1 The Independent Institute details
770 Feminist Activism

Rate of forcible rape decreased by 31% when indoor prostitution was legalized

United States 2014 Decriminalizing Indoor Prostitution: Implications for Sexual Violence and Public Health Baylor University, UCLA details
771 Patriarchy

Only 19% agree that women should return to their traditional roles while 75% disagree

United States 2009 The Harried Life of the Working Mother PEW Research Center details
772 Workplace

A strong majority of all working mothers say they would prefer to work part time rather than preferring to work full time (62% vs. 37%)

United States 2009 The Harried Life of the Working Mother PEW Research Center details
773 Workplace

A strong majority of all working mothers say they would prefer to work part time/not at all rather than preferring to work full time (60%+19% vs. 21%)

United States 2007 Fewer Mothers Prefer Full-time Work PEW Research Center details
774 Workplace

A strong majority of all working mothers say they would prefer to work part time/not at all rather than preferring to work full time (48%+20% vs. 32%)

United States 1997 Fewer Mothers Prefer Full-time Work PEW Research Center details
775 Media

In Top 100 grossing films of the year, female characters were more likely to have pro-social goals (e.g. - supporting and helping others) while male characters were more likely than females to have anti-social goals (e.g. - committing crimes and engaging in physical altercations)

United States 2014 It’s a Man’s (Celluloid) World: On-Screen Representations of Female Characters in the Top 100 Films of 2014, pp. 1, 3 San Diego State University details
776 Workplace

47% of working mothers agree that their overall happiness would increase if they weren’t working. On the other hand, only 19% of full-time mothers admit their overall happiness would increase if they worked outside the home.

United States 2012 ForbesWoman And TheBump.Com 'Parenthood And Economy 2012' Survey Results Forbes & theBump.com details
777 Workplace

More than 1/3 of working mothers (36%) resent their partners for not earning enough money for them to stay home with the baby/kids

United States 2012 ForbesWoman And TheBump.Com 'Parenthood And Economy 2012' Survey Results Forbes & theBump.com details
778 Violence, Sexual

81% of victims of underage sexual assault by Catholic clergy were male; over 40% of all victims were males between the ages of 11 and 14

international 2002 The Nature and Scope of Sexual Abuse of Minors by Catholic Priests and Deacons in the United States 1950-2002, p. 3 the City University of New York details
779 Violence, Sexual

26% of inmates (ages 18-25) experienced sexual assault in custody

Australia 1998 Fear of Favour: Sexual Assault of Young Prisoners, p. 66 details
780 Violence, Sexual

Out of 4076 NGOs around the world addressing rape during wartime and other forms of political sexual violence, only 3% mention the experience of male victims in their informational materials (typically as a passing reference)

international 2002 Male-on-Male Sexual Violence in Wartime: Human Rights' Last Taboo? Syracuse University, Center for Research and Teaching in Economics details
781 Violence, Sexual

There are well over one hundred uses of the term “violence against women”—defined to include sexual violence—in U.N. resolutions, treaties, general comments, and consensus documents. No human rights instruments explicitly address sexual violence against men.

international 2008 Male Rape and Human Rights, p. 619 UCLA School of Law details
782 Patriarchy

Only 5 of the first 13 state constitutions explicitly restricted the vote to men

United States 2007 Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic, p. 31 George Mason University details
783 Patriarchy

Propertied women explicitly received suffrage as early as 1790 (in New Jersey)

United States 1797 Rethinking Women's Suffrage in New Jersey, 1776-1807, pp. 1020-1021 Rutgers University details
784 Sexuality

Women rate sexually permissive women more negatively than nonpermissive women. This is regardless of whether or not the rater is herself permissive or nonpermissive.

United States 2014 Birds of a feather? Not when it comes to sexual permissiveness, pp. 101, 103-104, 108 Cornell University details
785 Sexuality

There is no double-standard between women and men (measured by "friendship desirability") when it comes to sexual permissiveness

United States 2014 Birds of a feather? Not when it comes to sexual permissiveness, p. 105 Cornell University details
786 Violence, Digital

48% of online harassment aggressors (amongst kids ages 10-15) are female

United States 2010 Online Harassment in Context: Trends From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys (2000, 2005, 2010), p. 62 University of New Hampshire details
787 Violence, Digital

55% of online harassment aggressors at "distressing" levels (amongst kids ages 10-15) are female

United States 2010 Online Harassment in Context: Trends From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys (2000, 2005, 2010), pp. 63-64 University of New Hampshire details
788 Suicide

77% of suicides are male

United States 2014 Fatal Injury Reports, National and Regional, 1999-2014 Center for Disease Control details
720 Education

Attractive female students receive higher grades (one standard deviation) than unattractive female students. Attractive male students don't receive higher grades.

United States 2016 Student Appearance and Academic Performance, pp. 1-2 Metropolitan State University of Denver details
789 Education

Boys fare worse than their sisters, both behaviorally and educationally, in low socioeconomic-status (SES) households. They have a higher incidence of truancy and behavioral problems throughout elementary and middle school, exhibit higher rates of behavioral and cognitive disability, perform worse on standardized tests, are less likely to graduate high school, and are more likely to commit serious crimes as juveniles.

United States 2015 Family Disadvantage and the Gender Gap in Behavioral and Educational Outcomes, pp. 33-34 MIT, NBER, Northwestern University, University of Florida details
790 Education

Boys are 56% more likely to be low academic achievers than girls (14% vs. 9% did not attain the PISA baseline level of proficiency in any of the three core subjects measured in PISA: reading, mathematics and science)

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, pp. 13, 25-26, 36 OECD details
791 Education

60% of low academic achievers are boys

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, pp. 13, 25-26 OECD details
792 Education

The proportions of young women who graduated from upper secondary pre-vocational and vocational programs (traditionally male-dominated) in Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, the Netherlands and Spain are at least 5 percentage points larger than the proportions of men who did.

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, p. 24 OECD details
793 Education

The gap between boys and girls in science is less than 1/3 that of the gap between boys and girls in reading (11 points vs. 38 points)

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, p. 24 OECD details
794 Education

Girls hold more ambitious educational and occupational expectations than boys

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, pp. 24, 32 OECD details
795 Education

Boys are "far more likely" to expect that their formal education will end after earning an upper secondary degree, even when they do just as well as girls on the objective assessments

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, p. 24 OECD details
796 Education

Despite students having wide gaps in assessments of reading in favor of girls, by their late 20s there are no significant gender differences in literacy proficiency - young men are able to learn, they're just not being taught properly

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, pp. 27, 121, 160 OECD details
797 Workplace

Despite expectations set as teenagers, women and men are equally likely to become managers/professionals in young adulthood (23% vs. 22%; 25-34 years old)

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, pp. 32, 116 OECD details
798 Education

Boys are more likely than girls to express negative attitudes towards school and learning: 8 percentage points (2x) more likely to report that school is a waste of time, 5 percentage points more likely to agree that school has done little to prepare them for adult life when they leave school, 5 percentage points less likely to agree that trying hard at school is important, and 3 percentage points less likely to report that they enjoy receiving good marks

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, pp. 36, 52 OECD details
799 Education

Among students who perform equally well in objective assessments (reading, mathematics and science), boys were more likely than girls to have repeated at least one grade before the age of 15 and to report that they had received lower marks in both language-of-instruction classes and mathematics

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, pp. 55-56 OECD details
800 Education

In the large majority of countries, students, particularly boys, reported that any skills that could help them make a smooth transition from compulsory schooling to a job or higher education were acquired outside of school

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, p. 103 OECD details
801 Education

Girls tend to see themselves in the future as working in careers that are more highly valued by society than those cited by boys. This is reflected in reality.

international 2015 The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence, p. 118 OECD details
802 Incarceration

The rate of juvenile placement in residential correction facilities is about 6x higher for males than females (280 vs. 46 per 100k)

United States 2011 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 15 Department of Education details
803 Incarceration

The rate of young adult imprisonment in state facilities is about 16x higher for males than females (1,060 vs. 65 per 100k; ages 18-24)

United States 2011 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 15 Department of Education details
805 Education

Young men (ages 18-24) are 27% more likely than young women to have not completed high school (19% vs. 15%)

United States 2014 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 16 Department of Education details
806 Education

Young women are 13% more likely to be enrolled in college than young men (43% vs. 37%)

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 18 Department of Education details
807 Education

A higher percentage of females than males have completed a bachelor's degree or higher (37% vs. 31%)

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, pp. 20, 32 Department of Education details
808 Education

Female students make up 56% of undergraduate enrollment in universities

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 92 Department of Education details
809 Education

Between 2013 and 2024, female enrollment is projected to increase by 15% and male enrollment is projected to increase by 9%, further widening the post-secondary enrollment gap

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 92 Department of Education details
810 Education

A higher percentage of females than males have completed a master's degree or higher (9% vs. 6%)

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 32 Department of Education details
811 Education

From 4th grade to 8th grade, the gender reading gap grows by 43% (7 vs. 10 points). This gap remains the same through the end of secondary education

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, pp. 135-136 Department of Education details
812 Education

The gender math score gap is virtually non-existant. At 4th and 8th grades, boys only scored 1 point higher (on a 500 point scale). By 12th grade, this has grown to a whopping 3 point gap.

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, pp. 143-144 Department of Education details
813 Education

Female students are 11% more likely to graduate from a full-time, undergraduate program at a 4-year degree-granting institution within 6 years than male students are (62% vs. 56%)

United States 2013 The Condition of Education 2015, p. 235 Department of Education details
814 Patriarchy

Since 1900, there was only a ~50 year period in which men and women didn't graduate college at high rates of gender parity

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, pp. 134-137 details
815 Education

Main reason for only period in past century with elevated male:female ratio in higher education was during Great Depression & due to post WWII GI bill

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, pp. 134-135 details
816 Education

Women have been graduating college at higher rates than men since the early 1980s

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, pp. 134-135 details
817 Education

Women have been graduating college with bachelor's degrees at higher rates than men since the early 1990s

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, pp. 136 details
818 Education

By 2002, of the 17 OECD countries with consistent tertiary schooling enrollment data for 1985 and 2002, only Turkey and Switzerland had a ratio of male-to-female higher-education enrollment that was greater than one (but both of them had a declining gender gap from 1985 to 2002)

international 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, p. 138 details
819 Education

Whereas girls always achieved higher class-rank than boys, aptitude and achievement tests show a different pattern: junior-year IQ scores display almost identical distributions by sex (years 1972-1992)

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, p. 140 details
820 Education

By 1992, each percentile rank point (high school stack ranking) for a girl was worth almost 1.6 times that for a boy.

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, p. 144 details
821 Education

Gender parity in college graduation was reached in the top quartile of socioeconomic status by 1972

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, p. 147 details
822 Income

According to most estimates, the college (log or percentage) wage premium is actually higher for women than men, and it has been higher for some time

United States 2006 The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap, p. 153 details
823 Parenthood

Children whose fathers spent more time with them had a higher IQ and were more socially mobile than those who had received little attention

United Kingdom 2008 Why do some dads get more involved than others? Evidence from a large British cohort Newcastle University details
824 Education

Of 5 year-olds entering the education system at a "good [minimum] level of development," there is a 15.7 percentage-point gap between boys and girls (58.6% vs. 72.6%)

United Kingdom 2015 Early years foundation stage profile results in England, 2015, pp. 4-5 Department for Education details
825 Education

The score gap between boys and girls for reading/english grows as students age (ages 7-14), indicating not an issue of delayed male development but a structural inequity

United Kingdom 2012 National Literacy Trust details
826 Parenthood

By 5th grade, parents have a 10 percentage point gap in favor of their daughters when it comes to expectations that their children will eventually attend college

United States 2011 The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior, p. 13 National Bureau of Economic Research details
827 Parenthood

Parents of all family compositions are (1) significantly more likely to read to their girls, (2) more likely to surround girls with books, (3) more likely to take their girls to a concert and to sign them up for some extra-curricular activity, and (4) less likely to report being too busy to play with their girls rather than boys.

United States 2011 The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior, pp. 12-22 National Bureau of Economic Research details
828 Education

Nearly one out of four boys (24%) experienced at least one school suspension in eighth grade, while only one out of ten girls did (12.7%)

United States 2006 The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior, pp. 9-10 National Bureau of Economic Research details
829 Education

Amongst children of low socioeconomic status (SES) homes, the behavior gap amongst girls remains stable from kindergarten through 8th grade while the gap worsens for boys across the same time period

United States 2011 The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior, p. 16 National Bureau of Economic Research details
830 Parenthood

By 5th grade, girls score about half a standard deviation below boys in teacher-reported externalizing problems and 0.45 of a standard deviation above boys in teacher-reported self-control.

United States 2011 The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior, p. 5 National Bureau of Economic Research details
831 Parenthood

Single mothers are (1) more emotionally distant from their sons, (2) are 13 percentage points more likely to have reported spanking their sons, and (3) spend significantly less time engaging in childcare related activities with their sons (as compared to their daughters)

United States 2011 The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior, pp. 6, 22-24, 29 National Bureau of Economic Research details
832 Education

There is a 25 percentage point gender gap in school suspension by 8th grade among boys and girls raised by single mothers. In other words, poverty and low SES affect boys more severely than girls.

United States 2011 The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior, p. 6 National Bureau of Economic Research details
833 Rape Culture

While 88% of the population thinks sexual assault on college campuses is a problem, only 37% of current/recently-graduated students think it is a problem

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 3 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
834 Rape Culture

Current/recently graduated college students think 'Alcohol & Drug Abuse' is a significantly greater problem than 'Sexual Assault' (56% vs. 37%)

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 4 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
835 Rape Culture

Among current/recently graduated college students, men are more likely than women to be aware of the university's sexual assault prevention program

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 6 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
836 Rape Culture

Among current/recently graduated college students, men are have received more training than women in what to do in a situation that might lead to sexual assault

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 7 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
837 Rape Culture

Among current/recently graduated college students, men are more likely than women to (1) put the responsibility solely on the man's shoulders and (2) exhonerate the woman for her choices in encounters that lead to sexual assault.

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 10 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
838 Rape Culture

Among current/recently graduated college students, women are far are more likely to think that letting someone guilty of sexual assault go is a greater injustice than an innocent person being found guilty of sexual assault (36% vs. 56%)

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 13 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
839 Rape Culture

Among current/recently graduated college students, 52% of women thinking that removing ones own clothing does NOT establish consent for more sexual activity

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 13 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
849 Rape Culture

Among current/recently graduated college students, 58% of women thinking that an individual actively getting a condom is NOT establishing consent for more sexual activity

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 13 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
840 Rape Culture

Among current/recently graduated college students, 44% of women thinking that an individual nodding in agreement does NOT establish consent for more sexual activity

United States 2015 Survey of College Students on Sexual Assault, p. 14 Washington Post, Kaiser Family Foundation details
841 False Rape

Among those who've experienced one night stands, men are far more likely than women to have overall positive feelings about the experience (80% vs. 54%)

United States 2008 The Morning after the Night Before: Affective Reactions to One-Night Stands among Mated and Unmated Women and Men Durham University details
842 Workplace

The unemployment rate for men is 38% higher than for that of women (9.1% vs. 6.6%)

United States 2009 Economic News Release, February 2009—Table A-1, Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age Bureau of Labor Statistics details
843 Parenthood

Men are as likely with women to disagree with traditional gendered family dynamics (40% vs. 37%)

United States 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce, p. 9 Families and Work Institute details
844 Parenthood

The difference between how much time fathers vs. mothers spend with their children on workdays is less than one hour (3.1 vs. 4 hrs)

United States 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce, p. 14 Families and Work Institute details
845 Workplace

Men are more likely than women to report work-life conflict (49% vs. 43%), despite popular belief to the contrary

United States 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce, p. 18 Families and Work Institute details
846 Workplace

In dual-earner couples, fathers are more likely than mothers to report work-life conflict (60% vs. 47%), despite popular belief to the contrary

United States 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce, p. 19 Families and Work Institute details
847 Dimorphism

Among FtM transsexuals on hormone therapy, grey matter associated with language centers markedly decreased (while white matter connecting the areas increased to compensate)

Austria 2015 Neuronal plasticity of language-related brain regions induced by long-term testosterone treatment Medical University of Vienna details
848 Dimorphism

Structural connectomes of transsexuals change in opposite paths following hormone therapy

Austria 2014 Structural Connectivity Networks of Transgender People Medical University of Vienna details
849 Legal System

It is a felony for a man to have sex with ("seduce and debauch") an unmarried woman

United States 2015 Michigan Penal Code, Act 328 of 1931; 750.532: Seduction State of Michigan details
850 Sexuality

Pornography users hold more egalitarian attitudes—toward women in positions of power, toward women working outside the home, and toward abortion—than nonusers of pornography

United States 2015 Is Pornography Really about ‘‘Making Hate to Women’’? Pornography Users Hold More Gender Egalitarian Attitudes Than Nonusers in a Representative American Sample, p. 1 Western University details
851 Violence, Intimate Partner

In IPV killings, women more likely to use weapons (knife or gun) than men

Canada 2012 Women who kill their mates Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre details
852 Violence, Intimate Partner

After killing IP, men >3x likely to attempt suicide than women (45% vs. 14%)

Canada 2012 Women who kill their mates Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre details
853 Violence, Intimate Partner

Of women who kill IP, only 26% were previously victims of IPV

Canada 2012 Women who kill their mates Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre details
854 Parenthood

For the set of 25 questions measuring enjoyment of childcare tasks, female professionals had higher mean enjoyment scores than males on 24 of the 25 tasks

United States 2012 Gender Roles and Infant/Toddler Care: Male and Female Professors on the Tenure Track, p. 23 University of Virginia, University of Connecticut details
855 Violence

Female victims of serious violent crime are >2x more likely to receive assistance from a victim assistance agency than are male victims (15% vs. 6%)

United States 2011 Use of Victim Service Agencies by Victims of Serious Violent Crime, 1993-2009, p. 1 Department of Justice details
856 Violence

Among violent crime victims, >2x the percentage of rape or other sexual assault victims (21%) received assistance from a victim service agency, compared to victims of robbery (8%), aggravated assault (9%), and simple assault (7%).

United States 2011 Use of Victim Service Agencies by Victims of Serious Violent Crime, 1993-2009, p. 3 Department of Justice details
857 Violence

Despite a similar percentage of victims of IP and non-IP violence (60% vs 57%) who reported to the police, a greater percentage of victims of IP than non-IP violence (23% vs. 8%) received assistance from a victim service agency

United States 2011 Use of Victim Service Agencies by Victims of Serious Violent Crime, 1993-2009, p. 4 Department of Justice details
858 Violence

Though 43% of serious violent crime victimizations were against women, women accounted for 66% of the victims who received assistance from a victim service agency

United States 2011 Use of Victim Service Agencies by Victims of Serious Violent Crime, 1993-2009, p. 5 Department of Justice details
859 Workplace

Regardless of whether a mother is working or stay-at-home, the majority of mothers would prefer to not work outside the home (54% and 57%)

United States 2015 Children a Key Factor in Women's Desire to Work Outside the Home Gallup details
860 Workplace

Regardless of whether a father is working or stay-at-home, the strong majority of fathers would prefer to work outside the home (70% and 76%)

United States 2015 Children a Key Factor in Women's Desire to Work Outside the Home Gallup details
867 Education

Among students to took online (open, non-credited, non-graded, voluntary) courses, women disproportionately elected to take courses in the Humanities and the Social Sciences, and disporportionally elected NOT to take take courses in Engineering and Computer Sciences

United States 2013 The Interesting Percentages of Female Students in MIT and Harvard Online Courses Harvard, MIT details
868 Education

1995 was the last year young women and men had equal rates of high school and college attainment

United States 2004 Educational Attainment in the United States: 2003, p. 3 Department of Commerce details
869 Education

The only age bracket in which men are more likely than women to have a Bachelor degree is in the 65+ population

United States 2015 Women Now at the Head of the Class, Lead Men in College Attainment Department of Commerce details
870 Parenthood

When factoring in Paid Work, Housework, and Child Care, fathers put in more hours or work per week than mothers (54 vs. 53)

United States 2011 Modern Parenthood Pew details
871 Parenthood

Roughly equal shares of working mothers and fathers (56% vs. 50%) report feeling stressed about juggling work and family.

United States 2013 Modern Parenthood Pew details
872 Workplace

Among mothers with children under 18, only 32% would prefer to work full time

United States 2013 Modern Parenthood Pew details
873 Workplace

Working mothers value 'flexible schedules' the most, while working fathers value 'high pay' the most

United States 2013 Modern Parenthood Pew details
874 Parenthood

78% of working mothers say they are doing an excellent or very good job as a parent, compared with 64% of non-working mothers. | 31% of working mothers say they are very happy, compared with 45% of non-working mothers.

United States 2013 Modern Parenthood Pew details
875 Marriage United States 2013 Modern Parenthood Pew details
876 Parenthood

Married fathers’ time in paid and unpaid work totals about 55.5 hours per week, 1.4 hours more than that of married mothers.

United States 2013 Modern Parenthood Pew details
877 Parenthood

In households where the father is the sole breadwinner, his total workload exceeds that of his spouse or partner by roughly 11 hours (57 vs. 46 hours per week).

United States 2013 Modern Parenthood Pew details
878 Education

Women have had higher college enrollment than men since 1979

United States 2014 Digest of Education Statistics, Table 303.10 Institute of Educational Sciences details
879 Education

By 2025, women are projected to make up 58.8% of college enrollment

United States 2014 Digest of Education Statistics, Table 303.10 Institute of Educational Sciences details
880 Education

Boys are 29% more likely than girls not to finish high school (9% vs. 7%)

United States 2013 Status Dropout Rates, p. 6 Institute of Educational Sciences details
881 Education

Boys are 17% more likely than girls not to finish high school (7% vs. 6%)

United States 2014 Status Dropout Rates, p. 6 Institute of Educational Sciences details
882 Health

The rate of men who can't sork due to illness or disability is 3.75x what it was in 1968 (6% vs. 1.6%)

United States 2014 The shocking pain of American men Princeton details
883 Violence, Digital

Women are 58% more likely than men to use 'abusive' language (i.e. - "slut" and "whore") on Twitter.

international 2016 React: Will Twitter ever be Free of Misogynistic Abuse? Brandwatch details
884 Violence, Digital

Of all tweets that contain the words "slut" or "whore," only 15% were deemed aggressive (rest are either pornographic, self-identification, or miscellaneous)

international 2016 The Use of Misogynistic Terms on Twitter, p. 5 Demos details
885 Violence, Digital

Women are 13% more likely than men to use 'abusive' language (i.e. - "slut" and "whore") on Twitter (53% vs. 47%)

international 2016 The Use of Misogynistic Terms on Twitter, pp. 6-7 Demos details
886 Rape Culture

When polled on fear of certain crimes happening, 'sexual assault' ranks second-to-lowest (16%)

United States 2015 Americans' Fears About Robbery and Theft Down in 2015 Gallup details
887 Rape Culture

33% of women worry about being sexually assaulted, despite 0.9% being victims of assault in past 12 months

United States 2016 One in Three U.S. Women Worry About Being Sexually Assaulted Gallup details
888 Mortality

Women live 6% longer than men (81.2 vs. 76.4 years)

United States 2014 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, pp. 2, 33 US Department of Health and Human Services details
889 Mortality

Of the top 15 leading causes of death, men outnumber women in all but 2 (cerebrovascular deseases (equal) and Alzheimer's disease (fewer))

United States 2014 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, p. 5 US Department of Health and Human Services details
890 Mortality

Since at least 1970, white (and black) men have a lower life expectancy than black women

United States 2014 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, p. 10, Fig. 5 US Department of Health and Human Services details
891 Mortality

The female-male life expectancy rate gap is 41% higher than the white-black gap (4.8 vs. 3.4 years)

United States 2014 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, pp. 8-9 US Department of Health and Human Services details
892 Mortality

Men die of drug-induced causes at 1.6x the rate of women

United States 2014 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, pp. 12-13 US Department of Health and Human Services details
893 Mortality

Men die of alcohol-induced causes at 2.8x the rate of women

United States 2014 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, p. 13 US Department of Health and Human Services details
894 Mortality

Male infants have a 20% higher mortality rate than female infants

United States 2014 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, p. 15 US Department of Health and Human Services details
895 Education

Males of lower-secondary school age (12-15 years) are 13% more likely than their female counterparts to be out-of-school

international 2015 A growing number of children and adolescents are out of school as aid fails to meet the mark, p. 2 UNESCO Institute for Statistics details
896 Education

With the exception of sub-Saharan Africa, primary age and adolescent males are more likely to be out-of-school than their female peers

international 2015 A growing number of children and adolescents are out of school as aid fails to meet the mark, pp. 4-5 UNESCO Institute for Statistics details
897 Workplace

Male lawyers bill ten percent more hours and bring in more than twice the new client revenue than do female lawyers.

United States 2015 Gender Gaps in Performance: Evidence from Young Lawyers London School of Economics, Universitat Pompeu Fabra details
Patriarchy

Masculinity rated more negatively and femininity more positively across all measured age, class, gender and political groups.

United Kingdom 2016 Yougov details